Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research / 2011 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Potential Explanatory Factors for Higher Incident Hip Fracture Risk in Older Diabetic Adults

Table 1

Baseline descriptive characteristics by glycemic status for 5,641 women and men in the CHS.

Women ( 𝑛 = 3 2 5 4 )Men ( 𝑛 = 2 3 8 7 )
DM ( 𝑛 = 4 6 5 )IFG ( 𝑛 = 1 1 4 4 )No IFG or DM ( 𝑛 = 1 6 4 5 )DM ( 𝑛 = 4 5 3 )IFG ( 𝑛 = 9 9 1 )No IFG or DM ( 𝑛 = 9 4 3 )

Black race139 (29.9%)162 (14.2%)248 (15.1%)84 (18.5%)100 (10.1%)142 (15.1%)
Age (years)72.7 (±5.7)72.6 (±5.5)72.4 (±5.3)72.9 (±5.2)73.2 (±5.6)73.5 (±6.1)
Current smoker50 (10.8%)149 (13.0%)213 (13.0%)42 (9.3%)105 (10.6%)118 (12.5%)
Current drinker122 (26.3%)535 (46.9%)777 (47.4%)189 (41.8%)623 (63.2%)572 (60.9%)
Oral estrogen use20 (4.3%)102 (8.9%)270 (16.4%)NANANA
Calcium supplement use73 (15.9%)273 (24.1%)513 (31.5%)35 (7.8%)95 (9.7%)92 (9.9%)
Height (cm)159.4 (±6.3)158.9 (±6.4)158.7 (±6.1)173.6 (±6.8)172.9 (±6.6)173.0 (±6.5)
Weight (lbs)165.2 (±32.3)154.4 (±31.2)141.6 (±28.3)184.2 (±31.2)177.2 (±26.8)167.1 (±24.8)
BMI (kg/m2)29.5 (±5.4)27.7 (±5.2)25.5 (±4.8)27.7 (±4.3)26.9 (±3.7)25.3 (±3.3)
Waist circumference (cm)100.4 (±14.1)94.1 (±14.1)88.4 (±13.5)101.2 (±11.2)98.8 (±10.0)94.6 (±9.5)
Weight at age 50 (lbs)154.7 (±28.7)141.2 (±23.1)135.3 (±22.1)184.3 (±29.7)172.6 (±24.1)167.1 (±21.5)
Fasting insulin (IU/mL)21 (14,31)*†14 (11,19)*†11 (8,14)*17 (12,28)*†14 (10,19)*†11 (8,14)*
Walk time (s to walk 15 ft)6.7 (±2.7)5.9 (±2.1)5.9 (±2.3)6.0 (±3.1)5.5 (±2.0)5.5 (±2.2)
Physical activity (kcal/wk)*210 (0,749)*†385 (28,1094)*‡495 (79,1193)*856 (230,1920)*‡917 (306,2166)*‡1088 (405,2407)*
Frequent falls33 (7.1%)38 (3.3%)72 (4.4%)16 (3.6%)13 (1.3%)23 (2.5%)
Vision problem53 (12.4%)83 (7.7%)117 (7.6%)18 (4.0%)50 (5.1%)55 (6.0%)
AAI < 0.9089 (20.1%)123 (11.1%)180 (11.2%)102 (23.2%)129 (13.2%)112 (12.0%)
Prevalent CVD151 (32.5%)237 (20.7%)285 (17.3%)189 (41.7%)285 (28.8%)290 (30.8%)
High creatinine (≥1.5 mg/dL men or ≥1.3 mg/dL women)37 (8.2%)52 (4.6%)70 (4.3%)55 (12.2%)108 (10.9%)95 (10.1%)
eGFR <60 mL/min/ 1.73 m299 (21.9%)245 (21.4%)333 (20.2%)118 (26.5%)245 (24.7%)196 (20.8%)

Data are means (±standard deviations) or proportions unless otherwise indicated.
*Data are medians (25th percentile, 75th percentile).
𝑃 value <0.001. 𝑃 value <0.05.

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