Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Validity of the WHO-5 as an Early Screening for Apathy in an Elderly Population

Table 1

Participant characteristics: sociodemographic and health status variables.

Total sample, 𝑛 = 1 9 1

Age: mean (SD)74.6 (7.1)
 Range65–95
Gender, 𝑛 (%)
 Male73 (38.2)
 Female118 (61.8)
Marital status, 𝑛 (%)
 Single18 (9.4)
 Married98 (51.3)
 Partnered (other than married)2 (1.0)
 Separated/divorced5 (2.6)
 Widowed68 (35.6)
Education, 𝑛 (%)
 Primary school105 (55.0)
 Secondary school and higher39 (20.4)
 Less than primary school47 (24.6)
Self-perceived health, 𝑛 (%)
 Healthy126 (66.0)
 Unhealthy65 (34.0)
Self-reported depression (%)18.8
 GDS-15 ≥ 5 (%)22.5
  WHO-5 ≤ 50 (%)24.6

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