Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research / 2014 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

The Benefit of Pets and Animal-Assisted Therapy to the Health of Older Individuals

Table 4

Studies on the use of animals in cardiovascular disease.

StudyType of study Summary of results

Friedmann and Thomas [50]Retrospective data analysis424Dog owners less likely to die 1 year after MI

Friedmann et al. [51]In-person interview survey96Pet owners had higher 1-year survival after CCU discharge

Ruzic et al. [52] Prospective, controlled, unblinded, longitudinal study59Subjects walking dogs regularly achieved a higher workload on a bicycle exercise test ()

Friedmann et al. [53] Retrospective data analysis460Pet owners implant with defibrillator more likely to survive

Cole et al. [54]Randomized, controlled, unblinded study76Subjects exposed to an animal had significantly better hemodynamic and neurohormonal parameters

Abate et al. [55]Observational intervention group, historically case-controlled study69Subjects with dog-assisted ambulation walked significantly greater distance

Parker et al. [56]In-person interview survey424Pet owners more likely to have cardiac morbidity and mortality one year after admission for an acute coronary syndrome