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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2014, Article ID 735235, 7 pages
Research Article

A Cross-Sectional Study to Examine Factors Associated with Primary Health Care Service Utilization among Older Adults in the Irbid Governorate of Jordan

1Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Jerash University, Amman, Irbid International Street, Jerash 26150, Jordan
2Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
3Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 7, Nablus, Palestine
4Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University, Amman 11942, Jordan
5Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University, Amman 11942, Jordan

Received 27 June 2014; Revised 8 October 2014; Accepted 12 October 2014; Published 6 November 2014

Academic Editor: Tomasz Kostka

Copyright © 2014 Abdullah Alkhawaldeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Recently, the percentage of older adults in developing countries has increased significantly. Objective. This study examined patterns and factors associated with primary health care services utilization in the past 1, 6, and 12 months. Method. A cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 190 older adults in the Irbid governorate of Jordan. Results. Primary health care services were used by less than half of the participants in the past 1 month, by 68.4% in the past 6 months, and by 73.8% in the past 12 months. Primary health care (PHC) services use was associated with age, education level, tobacco use, chronic illnesses, perceived general health status today, a physical component summary score, employment, and perceived general health status in the past 6 and 12 months. The primary predictor of PHC services use at 1, 6, and 12 months was chronic illnesses (), (), and (), respectively. Conclusion. Although many factors were associated with PHC service utilization, the strongest predictor of PHC service utilization was chronic illnesses.