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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 4104802, 6 pages
Research Article

The Relationship between Locomotive Syndrome and Depression in Community-Dwelling Elderly People

1Department of Rehabilitation, Osaka Kawasaki Rehabilitation University, 158 Mizuma, Kaizuka, Osaka 597-0104, Japan
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, 811 Kimiidera, Wakayama 641-8510, Japan
3Department of Strategic Surveillance for Functional Food and Comprehensive Traditional Medicine, Wakayama Medical University, 811 Kimiidera, Wakayama, Wakayama 641-8510, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Misa Nakamura;

Received 5 January 2017; Revised 5 March 2017; Accepted 15 March 2017; Published 5 April 2017

Academic Editor: Fulvio Lauretani

Copyright © 2017 Misa Nakamura et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a concept that refers to the condition of people requiring healthcare services because of problems associated with locomotion. Depression is a major psychiatric disease among the elderly, in addition to dementia. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between LS and depression. The study participants were 224 healthy elderly volunteers living in a rural area in Japan. LS was defined as scores ≥ 16 on the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25). Depression was defined as scores ≥ 5 on the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15). Height and body weight were measured. The prevalence of LS and depression was 13.9% and 24.2%, respectively. Compared with the non-LS group, the LS group was older, was shorter, had a higher BMI, and had higher GDS-15 scores. Logistic regression analysis showed that participants with GDS-15 scores ≥ 6 had higher odds for LS than those with GDS-15 scores < 6 (odds ratio [OR] = 4.22). Conversely, the depression group had higher GLFS-25 scores than the nondepression group. Participants with GLFS-25 scores ≥ 5 had higher odds for depression than those with GLFS-25 scores < 5 (OR = 4.53). These findings suggest that there is a close relationship between LS and depression.