Table 1: Regression models of body mass index, dietary, and lifestyle characteristics on health in pet owners and matched nonowners over age of fifty ().

All older owners versus matched older nonowners
Total () Males () Females ()
BSEβtSig.BSEβtSig.BSEβtSig.

Owns pet−0.750.19−0.30−3.90.001−0.730.38−0.27−1.930.06−0.680.23−0.28−3.040.003
BMI (kg/m2)0.0350.020.162.10.040.080.040.312.170.040.030.020.121.290.20
ModelR = 0.35; R2 = 0.12; AR2 = 0.11; SEE = 1.2R = 0.48; R2 = 0.23; AR2 = 0.19; SEE = 1.2R = 0.34; R2 = 0.09; AR2 = 0.08; SEE = 1.2
Smoke (pack years)0.350.290.201.20.200.440.510.330.860.400.910.330.140.580.60
Alcohol (drink/week)0.200.250.150.80.400.510.550.360.950.400.300.390.180.780.40
ModelR = 0.28; R2 = 0.08; AR2 = 0.01; SEE = 1.5R = 0.42; R2 = 0.18; AR2 = −0.09; SEE = 1.6R = 0.26; R2 = 0.07; AR2 = −0.03; SEE = 1.54
Fruit, vegetable (serving/week)−0.010.01−0.06−0.070.50−0.020.02−0.19−1.130.300.0010.010.0010.0011.00
Whole grain (serving/week)0.020.020.121.40.200.050.020.392.420.020.010.020.060.550.60
Low fat dairy (serving/week)−0.010.01−0.06−0.600.50−0.040.02−0.23−1.500.10−0.010.02−0.04−0.350.70
Fast food (serving/week)0.040.150.030.300.80−0.090.23−0.06−0.400.700.050.190.030.280.80
Added fat (serving/week)0.200.110.161.830.070.580.190.443.130.0030.0010.130.001−0.010.90
Fish (serving/week)−0.030.13−0.02−0.210.80−0.350.25−0.20−1.400.200.070.150.050.480.60
ModelR = 0.21; R2 = 0.04; AR2 = 0.01; SEE = 1.3R = 0.62; R2 = 0.39; AR2 = 0.28; SEE = 1.2R = 0.08; R2 = 0.01; AR2 = −0.06; SEE = 1.3

Older dog owners versus matched non-dog owners
Total () Males () Females ()
BSEβtSig.BSEβtSig.BSEβtSig.

Owns pet−0.670.23−0.27−2.950.004−0.710.37−0.30−1.940.06−0.640.29−0.26−2.210.03
BMI (kg/m2)0.060.030.222.270.030.130.040.513.480.0010.060.040.21.70.10
ModelR = 0.32; R2 = 0.10; AR2 = 0.09; SEE = 1.2R = 0.30; R2 = 0.09; AR2 = 0.07; SEE = 1.2R = 0.26; R2 = 0.07; AR2 = 0.05; SEE = 1.2
Smoke (pack years)0.890.420.482.10.060.190.260.460.720.551.30.600.592.170.06
Alcohol (drink/week)0.380.340.251.10.300.130.340.230.370.750.340.410.220.820.44
ModelR = 0.58; R2 = 0.33; AR2 = 0.23; SEE = 1.4R = 0.47; R2 = 0.22; AR2 = −0.56; SEE = 0.56R = 0.69; R2 = 0.47; AR2 = 0.34; SEE = 1.50
Fruit, vegetable (serving/week)−0.010.01−0.12−0.970.30−0.030.02−0.28−1.400.17−0.010.02−0.04−0.270.79
Whole grain (serving/week)0.020.010.191.690.100.050.020.462.380.030.010.020.090.630.53
Low fat dairy (serving/week)−0.010.02−0.06−0.480.60−0.030.03−0.25−1.360.18−0.0010.02−0.01−0.060.95
Fast food (serving/week)0.030.170.020.150.90−0.130.24−0.09−0.530.600.0360.250.020.150.89
Added fat (serving/week)0.320.140.242.30.020.510.200.432.520.020.160.190.120.870.39
Fish (serving/week)−0.020.15−0.02−0.160.87−0.230.26−0.14−0.860.400.020.200.020.110.91
ModelR = 0.31; R2 = 0.09; AR2 = 0.03; SEE = 1.3R = 0.63; R2 = 0.40; AR2 = 0.26; SEE = 1.09R = 0.14; R2 = 0.02; AR2 = −0.09; SEE = 1.32

Older cat owners versus matched non-cat owners
Total ( = 58) Males ( = 12) Females ( = 46)
BSEβtSig.BSEβtSig.BSEβtSig.

Owns pet−1.20.30−0.43−3.570.001−1.370.89−0.45−1.530.16−0.990.316−0.43−3.150.003
BMI (kg/m2)0.0130.030.070.500.620.040.090.140.400.700.010.030.050.330.74
ModelR = 0.43; R2 = 0.19; AR2 = 0.17; SEE = 1.1R = 0.45; R2 = 0.21; AR2 = 0.12; SEE = 1.48R = 0.43; R2 = 0.18; AR2 = 0.16; SEE = 1.08
Smoke (pack years)−0.070.39−0.06−0.190.850.601.720.360.350.79−0.240.42−0.21−0.580.58
Alcohol (drink/week)0.020.340.010.040.970.201.40.150.140.91−0.170.44−0.14−0.380.71
ModelR = 0.06; R2 = 0.003; AR2 = −0.16; SEE = 1.5R = 0.33; R2 = 0.11; AR2 = −1.67; SEE = 3.13R = 0.29; R2 = 0.09; AR2 = −0.14; SEE = 1.27
Fruit, vegetable (serving/week)−0.0040.02−0.05−0.230.82−0.010.07−0.11−0.220.840.000.020.010.020.98
Whole grain (serving/week)0.010.030.080.460.650.950.110.350.840.470.020.030.120.620.54
Low fat dairy (serving/week)−0.010.03−0.07−0.430.670.140.150.410.930.42−0.010.03−0.07−0.350.73
Fast food (serving/week)0.010.30.010.030.97−0.100.86−0.04−0.110.920.040.350.020.110.92
Added fat (serving/week)0.030.210.020.140.891.200.550.752.170.12−0.240.22−0.20−1.100.28
Fish (serving/week)0.060.300.040.200.85−0.861.04−0.37−0.820.470.250.300.160.830.41
ModelR = 0.11; R2 = 0.01; AR2 = −0.14; SEE = 1.39R = 0.84; R2 = 0.70; AR2 = 0.10; SEE = 1.49R = 0.25; R2 = 0.06; AR2 = −0.13; SEE = 1.31

Constant. Statistically significant at the level of .