Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2019, Article ID 2370796, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2370796
Research Article

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Falls among Rural Community-Dwelling Older People: A Cross-Sectional Study from Southern Sri Lanka

1Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, KAATSU International University, Sri Lanka
2Department of Nursing, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka
3Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka

Correspondence should be addressed to Nirmala Gamage; moc.liamg@98egamagalamrin

Received 13 September 2018; Revised 2 May 2019; Accepted 19 May 2019; Published 28 May 2019

Academic Editor: Gjumrakch Aliev

Copyright © 2019 Nirmala Gamage et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. Mundi, Sri Lanka Demographics Profile 2012, 2018, https://www.indexmundi.com/sri_lanka/demographics_profile.html.
  2. World Health Organization, “World Health Organization global report on falls prevention in older age, 2007,” Tech. Rep., 2011. View at Google Scholar
  3. T. M. Gill, T. E. Murphy, E. A. Gahbauer, and H. G. Allore, “Association of injurious falls with disability outcomes and nursing home admissions in community-living older persons,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 178, no. 3, pp. 418–425, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. A. Painter, L. Allison, P. Dhingra, J. Daughtery, K. Cogdill, and L. G. Trujillo, “Fear of falling and its relationship with anxiety, depression, and activity engagement among community-dwelling older adults,” American Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 169–176, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. A. Stalenhoef, J. P. M. Diederiks, J. A. Knottnerus, A. D. M. Kester, and H. F. J. M. Crebolder, “A risk model for the prediction of recurrent falls in community-dwelling elderly: a prospective cohort study,” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, vol. 55, no. 11, pp. 1088–1094, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Ranaweera, P. Fonseka, A. PattiyaArachchi, and S. Siribaddana, “Incidence and risk factors of falls among the elderly in the district of Colombo,” Ceylon Medical Journal, vol. 58, no. 3, p. 100, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. N. Weerasuriya and S. A. Jayasinghe, “A preliminary study of the hospital-admitted older patients in a Sri Lankan tertiary care hospital,” Ceylon Medical Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 18-19, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. L. Z. Rubenstein, “Falls in older people: epidemiology, risk factors and strategies for prevention,” Age and Ageing, vol. 35, supplement 2, pp. ii37–ii41, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. City Population Statistics: Sri Lanka, 2013, http://citypopulation.info/php/srilanka-admin.php?adm2id=3124.
  10. C. J. M. Maas and J. J. Hox, “Sufficient sample sizes for multilevel modeling,” Methodology, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 86–92, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. J. Milat, W. L. Watson, C. Monger, M. Barr, M. Giffin, and M. Reid, “Prevalence, circumstances and consequences of falls among community-dwelling older people: results of the 2009 NSW Falls Prevention Baseline Survey,” New South Wales Public Health Bulletin, vol. 22, no. 3-4, pp. 43–48, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. V. Scott, L. Wagar, and S. Elliott, “Falls and related injuries among older Canadians: fall-related hospitalizations and intervention initiatives,” Public Health Agency of Canada, Division of Aging and Seniors, Victoria Scott Consulting, Victoria, Canada, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  13. L.-W. Chu, I. Chi, and A. Chiu, “Incidence and predictors of falls in the Chinese elderly,” ANNALS Academy of Medicine Singapore, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 60–72, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  14. SS. Patil, S. Suryanarayana, R. Dinesh, N. Shivraj, and N. Murthy, “Risk factors for falls among elderly: a community-based study,” International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 135–140, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  15. W. C. Graafmans, M. E. Ooms, H. M. A. Hofstee, P. D. Bezemer, L. M. Bouter, and P. Lips, “Falls in the elderly: A prospective study of risk factors and risk profiles,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 143, no. 11, pp. 1129–1136, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. H. Orces, “Prevalence and determinants of falls among older adults in ecuador: an analysis of the SABE I survey,” Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, vol. 2013, Article ID 495468, 7 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. C. R. Gale, C. Cooper, and A. Aihie Sayer, “Prevalence and risk factors for falls in older men and women: the english longitudinal study of ageing,” Age and Ageing, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 789–794, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. C. Pearson, J. St-Arnaud, and L. Geran, “Understanding seniors' risk of falling and their perception of risk,” Citeseer, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  19. J. Stewart Williams, P. Kowal, H. Hestekin et al., “Prevalence, risk factors and disability associated with fall-related injury in older adults in low- and middle-incomecountries: results from the WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE),” BMC Medicine, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 147, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. J. Shi, B. Y. Zhou, Y. K. Tao et al., “Incidence and associated factors for single and recurrent falls among the elderly in an urban community of Beijing,” Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 939–949, 2014. View at Google Scholar