Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research / 2019 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Falls among Rural Community-Dwelling Older People: A Cross-Sectional Study from Southern Sri Lanka

Table 5

Logistic regression analysis of risk factors for falls (n=300).

Risk factorUnivariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Crude OR95% CI ORP value Adjusted OR95% CI ORP value

Biological factors


Gender1.91.2-3.20.0083.01.5- 5.90.002

Presence of at least one chronic medical condition3.41.9-5.9<0.001---

Presence of more than one chronic medical condition2.31.4-4.00.001---

Presence of more than two chronic medical conditions3.21.3-7.80.001---

Diabetes mellitus2.81.5-5.10.0012.71.2- 6.30.01

Ischemic heart diseases3.11.5-6.50.002---



Self-reported vision problem affecting day-to-day life4.01.9-8.3<0.001---

Self-reported balance/gait problems or foot abnormality7.34.3-12.6<0.0014.22.0- 8.4< 0.001

Self-reported sleeping problems0.20.1-0.4<0.001---

Behavioral factors

Usage of at least one long term medication2.61.6-4.3<0.0013.51.2- 10.40.02

Usage of more than one long term medication2.51.4-4.40.002---

Antihypertensive1.71.0- 0.80.02

Hypoglycemic drugs3.11.6-5.8<0.001---

Cardiac/Lipid lowering drugs2.21.2-4.30.01---

Exposure to sun0.20.1-0.4<0.001---

Nutritional status0.50.3-0.80.007---

Usage of walking aids0.10.0-0.2<0.001---

Environmental factors

Floor material11.62.5-53.60.002---

Light source8.21.7-39.40.009---

Water source3.01.5-5.70.001---

Socioeconomic factors

Level of education0.50.3-0.80.006

OR=Odds Ratio; CI=Confidence Interval.
The variables which are significant in the chi square or fisher’s exact test with falls prevalence were used for univariate logistics regression analyses and were presented in this table.
The variables which were significant with the falls prevalence in univariate logistics regression were further evaluated with multivariate logistic regression and only the significant variables were presented in the table.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.