Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research / 2019 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Falls among Rural Community-Dwelling Older People: A Cross-Sectional Study from Southern Sri Lanka

Table 6

Logistic regression analysis of risk factors for recurrent falls (n=300).

Risk factorUnivariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Crude OR95% CI ORP value Adjusted OR95% CI ORP value

Biological factors

Age0.10.1-0.3<0.0010.30.1- 0.60.001

Presences of at least one chronic medical condition3.40.1-5.9<0.001---

Presence of more than one chronic medical conditions2.31.4-4.00.001---

Presence of more than two chronic medical conditions3.21.3-7.80.008---

Diabetes mellitus2.81.5-5.10.001---

Ischemic heart diseases3.11.5-6.50.002---

Hypertension2.21.3-3.60.0013.71.0- 13.00.04


Self-reported vision problem affecting day-to-day life4.01.9-8.3<0.001---

Self-reported balance/gait problems or foot abnormality7.34.3-12.6<0.0013.82.1- 7.1<0.001

Self-reported sleeping problems4.02.4-6.7<0.0012.01.1- 3.80.02

Behavioral factors

Usage of at least one long term medications2.61.6-4.3<0.0013.41.2- 9.70.01

Usage of more than one long term medications2.51.4-4.40.002---

Antihypertensive1.71.0- 0.50.007

Hypoglycemic drugs3.11.6-5.8<0.001---

Cardiac/Lipid lowering drugs2.21.2-4.30.01---

Exposure to sun0.20.1-0.4<0.001---

Usage of walking aids10.24.0-25.8<0.001---

Socio-economic factors

Level of education0.40.1-0.80.02---

OR=Odds Ratio, CI=Confidence Interval
The variables which are significant in the chi square or fisher’s exact test with recurrent falls prevalence were used for univariate logistics regression analyses and were presented in this table.
The variables which were significant with the recurrent falls prevalence in univariate logistics regression were further evaluated with multivariate logistic regression and only the significant variables were presented in the table.

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