Figure 2: Artifact detection by inspecting the potential maps. The left panel shows spontaneous EEG recorded from 204 electrodes. Some artifacts, like the one encircled, are easy to see in the traces and such epochs can be eliminated. However, other artifacts are not easy to see in the traces but are readily detected in the maps by isolated “islands” of potential of a certain electrode. In this example a mid-frontal and a right frontal electrode are artifact contaminated. They generate steep gradients in the electric field and consequently produce strong sources in the inverse solution (here LAURA). Interpolating these electrodes using spline interpolation eliminates the bad electrodes and the sources caused by these artifacts disappear.