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Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience is a forum for the interdisciplinary field of neural computing, neural engineering and artificial intelligence. The journal’s focus is on intelligent systems for computational neuroscience.
Chief Editor, Professor Cichocki, engages in world-leading research in the field of artificial intelligence and biomedical applications of advanced data analytics technologies.
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A Novel Genetic Algorithm-Based Optimization Framework for the Improvement of Near-Infrared Quantitative Calibration Models
The global fishmeal production is used for animal feed, and protein is the main component that provides nutrition to animals. In order to monitor and control the nutrition supply to animal husbandry, near-infrared (NIR) technology was utilized for rapid detection of protein contents in fishmeal samples. The aim of the NIR quantitative calibration is to enhance the model prediction ability, where the study of chemometric algorithms is inevitably on demand. In this work, a novel optimization framework of GSMW-LPC-GA was constructed for NIR calibration. In the framework, some informative NIR wavebands were selected by grid search moving window (GSMW) strategy, and then the variables/wavelengths in the waveband were transformed to latent principal components (LPCs) as the inputs for genetic algorithm (GA) optimization. GA operates in iterations as implementation for the secondary optimization of NIR wavebands. In steps of the variable’s population evolution, the parametric scaling mode was investigated for the optimal determination of the crossover probability and the mutation operator. With the GSMW-LPC-GA framework, the NIR prediction effect on fishmeal protein was experimentally better than the effect by simply adopting the moving window calibration model. The results demonstrate that the proposed framework is suitable for NIR quantitative determination of fishmeal protein. GA was eventually regarded as an implementable method providing an efficient strategy for improving the performance of NIR calibration models. The framework is expected to provide an efficient strategy for analyzing some unknown changes and influence of various fertilizers.
Common Laws Driving the Success in Show Business
In this paper, we want to find out whether gender bias will affect the success and whether there are some common laws driving the success in show business. We design an experiment, set the gender and productivity of an actor or actress in a certain period as the independent variables, and introduce deep learning techniques to do the prediction of success, extract the latent features, and understand the data we use. Three models have been trained: the first one is trained by the data of an actor, the second one is trained by the data of an actress, and the third one is trained by the mixed data. Three benchmark models are constructed with the same conditions. The experiment results show that our models are more general and accurate than benchmarks. An interesting finding is that the models trained by the data of an actor/actress only achieve similar performance on the data of another gender without performance loss. It shows that the gender bias is weakly related to success. Through the visualization of the feature maps in the embedding space, we see that prediction models have learned some common laws although they are trained by different data. Using the above findings, a more general and accurate model to predict the success in show business can be built.
Analyzing EEG Signals Using Decision Trees: A Study of Modulation of Amplitude
An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that records electrical activity of the brain using electrodes attached to the scalp, and it has recently been used in conjunction with BMI (Brain-Machine Interface). Currently, the analysis of the EEG is visual, using graphic tools such as topographic maps. However, this analysis can be very difficult, so in this work, we apply a methodology of EEG analysis through data mining to analyze two different band frequencies of the brain signals (full band and Beta band) during an experiment where visually impaired and sighted individuals recognize spatial objects through the sense of touch. In this paper, we present details of the proposed methodology and a case study using decision trees to analyze EEG signals from visually impaired and sighted individuals during the execution of a spatial ability activity. In our experiment, the hypothesis was that sighted individuals, even if they are blindfolded, use vision to identify objects and that visually impaired people use the sense of touch to identify the same objects.
A SAR Image Target Recognition Approach via Novel SSF-Net Models
With the wide application of high-resolution radar, the application of Radar Automatic Target Recognition (RATR) is increasingly focused on how to quickly and accurately distinguish high-resolution radar targets. Therefore, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image recognition technology has become one of the research hotspots in this field. Based on the characteristics of SAR images, a Sparse Data Feature Extraction module (SDFE) has been designed, and a new convolutional neural network SSF-Net has been further proposed based on the SDFE module. Meanwhile, in order to improve processing efficiency, the network adopts three methods to classify targets: three Fully Connected (FC) layers, one Fully Connected (FC) layer, and Global Average Pooling (GAP). Among them, the latter two methods have less parameters and computational cost, and they have better real-time performance. The methods were tested on public datasets SAR-SOC and SAR-EOC-1. The experimental results show that the SSF-Net has relatively better robustness and achieves the highest recognition accuracy of 99.55% and 99.50% on SAR-SOC and SAR-EOC-1, respectively, which is 1% higher than the comparison methods on SAR-EOC-1.
Improved Classification of White Blood Cells with the Generative Adversarial Network and Deep Convolutional Neural Network
White blood cells (leukocytes) are a very important component of the blood that forms the immune system, which is responsible for fighting foreign elements. The five types of white blood cells include neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, and basophils, where each type constitutes a different proportion and performs specific functions. Being able to classify and, therefore, count these different constituents is critical for assessing the health of patients and infection risks. Generally, laboratory experiments are used for determining the type of a white blood cell. The staining process and manual evaluation of acquired images under the microscope are tedious and subject to human errors. Moreover, a major challenge is the unavailability of training data that cover the morphological variations of white blood cells so that trained classifiers can generalize well. As such, this paper investigates image transformation operations and generative adversarial networks (GAN) for data augmentation and state-of-the-art deep neural networks (i.e., VGG-16, ResNet, and DenseNet) for the classification of white blood cells into the five types. Furthermore, we explore initializing the DNNs’ weights randomly or using weights pretrained on the CIFAR-100 dataset. In contrast to other works that require advanced image preprocessing and manual feature extraction before classification, our method works directly with the acquired images. The results of extensive experiments show that the proposed method can successfully classify white blood cells. The best DNN model, DenseNet-169, yields a validation accuracy of 98.8%. Particularly, we find that the proposed approach outperforms other methods that rely on sophisticated image processing and manual feature engineering.
Development of Combinational Circuits by Encoding on the Basis of Developmental Biology
The present work visualizes the evolution of primitive digital circuits as a development problem. The development of the digital circuit is implemented similar to the development of a human embryo from a single cell to the complete organism. The constituent parts making up a primitive digital circuit are encoded into binary strings. Each binary string is viewed as a cell, and several such cells are allowed to adhere and multiply before culminating into a developed organism. The binary string of the cell is further mapped to a particular attribute which defines the constituent of the complete digital circuit implemented. The present work illustrates the development of a 4-input combinational digital circuit. The development of 2-input majority function is illustrated, and the results are shown for the 2-input Ex-OR gate, 2-input majority function with 4 input variables, and a 2-to-1 multiplexer circuit. The development of the digital circuit resembles the development of an embryo in a living organism.