Construction Project Safety Performance Management Using Analytic Network Process (ANP) as a Multicriteria Decision-Making (MCDM) ToolRead the full article
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience is a forum for the interdisciplinary field of neural computing, neural engineering and artificial intelligence. The journal’s focus is on intelligent systems for computational neuroscience.
Chief Editor, Professor Cichocki, engages in world-leading research in the field of artificial intelligence and biomedical applications of advanced data analytics technologies.
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Robot Path Planning Based on Genetic Algorithm Fused with Continuous Bezier Optimization
In this study, a new method of smooth path planning is proposed based on Bezier curves and is applied to solve the problem of redundant nodes and peak inflection points in the path planning process of traditional algorithms. First, genetic operations are used to obtain the control points of the Bezier curve. Second, a shorter path is selected by an optimization criterion that the length of the Bezier curve is determined by the control points. Finally, a safe distance and adaptive penalty factor are introduced into the fitness function to ensure the safety of the walking process of the robot. Numerous experiments are implemented in two different environments and compared with the existing methods. It is proved that the proposed method is more effective to generate a shorter, smoother, and safer path compared with traditional approaches.
Multi/Many-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm Based on Competition Mechanism
The recently proposed multiobjective particle swarm optimization algorithm based on competition mechanism algorithm cannot effectively deal with many-objective optimization problems, which is characterized by relatively poor convergence and diversity, and long computing runtime. In this paper, a novel multi/many-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm based on competition mechanism is proposed, which maintains population diversity by the maximum and minimum angle between ordinary and extreme individuals. And the recently proposed -dominance is adopted to further enhance the performance of the algorithm. The proposed algorithm is evaluated on the standard benchmark problems DTLZ, WFG, and UF1-9 and compared with the four recently proposed multiobjective particle swarm optimization algorithms and four state-of-the-art many-objective evolutionary optimization algorithms. The experimental results indicate that the proposed algorithm has better convergence and diversity, and its performance is superior to other comparative algorithms on most test instances.
Effects of Visual Attention on Tactile P300 BCI
Objective. Tactile P300 brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can be manipulated by users who only need to focus their attention on a single-target stimulus within a stream of tactile stimuli. To date, a multitude of tactile P300 BCIs have been proposed. In this study, our main purpose is to explore and investigate the effects of visual attention on a tactile P300 BCI. Approach. We designed a conventional tactile P300 BCI where vibration stimuli were provided by five stimulators and two of them were fixed on target locations on the participant’s left and right wrists. Two conditions (one condition with visual attention and the other condition without visual attention) were tested by eleven healthy participants. Main Results. Our results showed that, when participants visually attended to the location of target stimulus, significantly higher classification accuracies and information transfer rates were obtained (both for ). Furthermore, participants reported that visually attending to the stimulus made it easier to identify the target stimulus in random sequences of vibration stimuli. Significance. These findings suggest that visual attention has positive effects on both tactile P300 BCI performance and user-evaluation.
A Novel Low-Bit Quantization Strategy for Compressing Deep Neural Networks
The increase in sophistication of neural network models in recent years has exponentially expanded memory consumption and computational cost, thereby hindering their applications on ASIC, FPGA, and other mobile devices. Therefore, compressing and accelerating the neural networks are necessary. In this study, we introduce a novel strategy to train low-bit networks with weights and activations quantized by several bits and address two corresponding fundamental issues. One is to approximate activations through low-bit discretization for decreasing network computational cost and dot-product memory. The other is to specify weight quantization and update mechanism for discrete weights to avoid gradient mismatch. With quantized low-bit weights and activations, the costly full-precision operation will be replaced by shift operation. We evaluate the proposed method on common datasets, and results show that this method can dramatically compress the neural network with slight accuracy loss.
An Improved Deep Residual Network-Based Semantic Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Method for Monocular Vision Robot
The robot simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) is a very important and useful technology in the robotic field. However, the environmental map constructed by the traditional visual SLAM method contains little semantic information, which cannot satisfy the needs of complex applications. The semantic map can deal with this problem efficiently, which has become a research hot spot. This paper proposed an improved deep residual network- (ResNet-) based semantic SLAM method for monocular vision robots. In the proposed approach, an improved image matching algorithm based on feature points is presented, to enhance the anti-interference ability of the algorithm. Then, the robust feature point extraction method is adopted in the front-end module of the SLAM system, which can effectively reduce the probability of camera tracking loss. In addition, the improved key frame insertion method is introduced in the visual SLAM system to enhance the stability of the system during the turning and moving of the robot. Furthermore, an improved ResNet model is proposed to extract the semantic information of the environment to complete the construction of the semantic map of the environment. Finally, various experiments are conducted and the results show that the proposed method is effective.
Using Harmony Search Algorithm in Neural Networks to Improve Fraud Detection in Banking System
Financial fraud is among the main problems undermining the confidence of customers in addition to incurring economic losses to banks and financial institutions. In recent years, along with the proliferation of fraud, financial institutions began looking for ways to find a suitable solution in the fight against fraud. Given the advanced and varied changes in methods of fraud, extensive research has been conducted to detect fraud. In this paper, the Artificial Neural Network technique and Harmony Search Algorithm are used to detect fraud. In the proposed method, hidden patterns between normal and fraudulent customers’ information are searched. Given that fraudulent behavior could be detected and stopped before they take place, the results of the proposed system show that it has an acceptable capability in fraud detection.