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Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience is a forum for the interdisciplinary field of neural computing, neural engineering and artificial intelligence. The journal’s focus is on intelligent systems for computational neuroscience.
Chief Editor, Professor Cichocki, engages in world-leading research in the field of artificial intelligence and biomedical applications of advanced data analytics technologies.
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Integrated Multiscale Appearance Features and Motion Information Prediction Network for Anomaly Detection
The rise of video-prediction algorithms has largely promoted the development of anomaly detection in video surveillance for smart cities and public security. However, most current methods relied on single-scale information to extract appearance (spatial) features and lacked motion (temporal) continuity between video frames. This can cause a loss of partial spatiotemporal information that has great potential to predict future frames, affecting the accuracy of abnormality detection. Thus, we propose a novel prediction network to improve the performance of anomaly detection. Due to the objects of various scales in each video, we use different receptive fields to extract detailed appearance features by the hybrid dilated convolution (HDC) module. Meanwhile, the deeper bidirectional convolutional long short-term memory (DB-ConvLSTM) module can remember the motion information between consecutive frames. Furthermore, we use RGB difference loss to replace optical flow loss as temporal constraint, which greatly reduces the time for optical flow extraction. Compared with the state-of-the-art methods in the anomaly-detection task, experiments prove that our method can more accurately detect abnormalities in various video surveillance scenes.
Affective Episodic Memory System for Virtual Creatures: The First Step of Emotion-Oriented Memory
Episodic memory and emotions are considered essential functions in human cognition. Both allow us to acquire new knowledge from the environment, ranging from the objects around us to how we feel towards them. These qualities make them crucial functions for systems trying to create human-like behaviour. In the field of cognitive architectures (CAs), there are multiple studies covering memory and emotions. However, most of them treat these subjects in an isolated manner, considering emotions only as a reward signal unrelated to a retrieved experience. To address this lack of direct interaction, we propose a computational model that covers the common processes that are related to memory and emotions. Specifically, this proposal focuses on affective evaluations of episodic memories. Neurosciences and psychology are the bases of this model. That is, the model’s components and the processes that they carry out on the information they receive are designed based on evidence from these cognitive sciences. The proposed model is a part of Cuáyóllótl, a cognitive architecture for cybernetic entities such as virtual creatures and robots. Case studies validate our proposal. They show the relevance of the integration of emotions and memory in a virtual creature. The virtual creature endowed with our emotional episodic model improves its learning and modifies its behaviour according to planning and decision-making processes.
Tuna Swarm Optimization: A Novel Swarm-Based Metaheuristic Algorithm for Global Optimization
In this paper, a novel swarm-based metaheuristic algorithm is proposed, which is called tuna swarm optimization (TSO). The main inspiration for TSO is based on the cooperative foraging behavior of tuna swarm. The work mimics two foraging behaviors of tuna swarm, including spiral foraging and parabolic foraging, for developing an effective metaheuristic algorithm. The performance of TSO is evaluated by comparison with other metaheuristics on a set of benchmark functions and several real engineering problems. Sensitivity, scalability, robustness, and convergence analyses were used and combined with the Wilcoxon rank-sum test and Friedman test. The simulation results show that TSO performs better compared to other comparative algorithms.
Underwater Distortion Target Recognition Network (UDTRNet) via Enhanced Image Features
It is difficult for the autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to recognize targets similar to the environment in lacking data labels. Moreover, the complex underwater environment and the refraction of light cause the AUV to be unable to extract the complete significant features of the target. In response to the above problems, this paper proposes an underwater distortion target recognition network (UDTRNet) that can enhance image features. Firstly, this paper extracts the significant features of the image by minimizing the info noise contrastive estimation (InfoNCE) loss. Secondly, this paper constructs the dynamic correlation matrix to capture the spatial semantic relationship of the target and uses the matrix to extract spatial semantic features. Finally, this paper fuses the significant features and spatial semantic features of the target and trains the target recognition model through cross-entropy loss. The experimental results show that the mean average precision (mAP) of the algorithm in this paper increases by 1.52% in recognizing underwater blurred images.
Neural Network Command Filtered Control of Fractional-Order Chaotic Systems
An adaptive neural network (NN) backstepping control method based on command filtering is proposed for a class of fractional-order chaotic systems (FOCSs) in this paper. In order to solve the problem of the item explosion in the classical backstepping method, a command filter method is adopted and the error compensation mechanism is introduced to overcome the shortcomings of the dynamic surface method. Moreover, an adaptive neural network method for unknown FOCSs is proposed. Compared with the existing control methods, the advantage of the proposed control method is that the design of the compensation signals eliminates the filtering errors, which makes the control effect of the actual system improve well. Finally, two examples are given to prove the effectiveness and potential of the proposed method.
Research on PM2.5 Spatiotemporal Forecasting Model Based on LSTM Neural Network
Accurate monitoring of air quality can no longer meet people’s needs. People hope to predict air quality in advance and make timely warnings and defenses to minimize the threat to life. This paper proposed a new air quality spatiotemporal prediction model to predict future air quality and is based on a large number of environmental data and a long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network. In order to capture the spatial and temporal characteristics of the pollutant concentration data, the data of the five sites with the highest correlation of time-series concentration of PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 mm) at the experimental site were first extracted, and the weather data and other pollutant data at the same time were merged in the next step, extracting advanced spatiotemporal features through long- and short-term memory neural networks. The model presented in this paper was compared with other baseline models on the hourly PM2.5 concentration data set collected at 35 air quality monitoring sites in Beijing from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2017. The experimental results show that the performance of the proposed model is better than other baseline models.