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Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Volume 2015, Article ID 824175, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/824175
Research Article

A Link between the Increase in Electroencephalographic Coherence and Performance Improvement in Operating a Brain-Computer Interface

Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV), Unidad Monterrey, 66600 Apodaca, NL, Mexico

Received 16 March 2015; Revised 21 June 2015; Accepted 24 June 2015

Academic Editor: Pietro Aricò

Copyright © 2015 Irma Nayeli Angulo-Sherman and David Gutiérrez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We study the relationship between electroencephalographic (EEG) coherence and accuracy in operating a brain-computer interface (BCI). In our case, the BCI is controlled through motor imagery. Hence, a number of volunteers were trained using different training paradigms: classical visual feedback, auditory stimulation, and functional electrical stimulation (FES). After each training session, the volunteers’ accuracy in operating the BCI was assessed, and the event-related coherence (ErCoh) was calculated for all possible combinations of pairs of EEG sensors. After at least four training sessions, we searched for significant differences in accuracy and ErCoh using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparison tests. Our results show that there exists a high correlation between an increase in ErCoh and performance improvement, and this effect is mainly localized in the centrofrontal and centroparietal brain regions for the case of our motor imagery task. This result has a direct implication with the development of new techniques to evaluate BCI performance and the process of selecting a feedback modality that better enhances the volunteer’s capacity to operate a BCI system.