Table 2: Multimodal benchmark functions.

FunctionnRangeFmin

30,100[−32, 32]0
30,100[−10, 10]0
30,100[−100, 100]0
30,100[−100, 100]0
30,100[−50, 50]0
30,100[−100, 100]0
30,100[−5, 5]
30,100[−n2, n2]
30,100[−100, 100]0
30,100[−5.12, 5.12]0
30,100[−5.12, 5.12]0
30,100[−100, 100]0
30,100[−0.5, 0.5]0
30,100[−100, 100]0