Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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Acceptance rate22%
Submission to final decision89 days
Acceptance to publication23 days
CiteScore5.100
Journal Citation Indicator0.490
Impact Factor2.605

Relationship of Helicobacter pylori Infection with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Meta-Analysis

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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology publishes studies of areas related to medical, surgical, pathological, biochemical and physiological aspects of gastroenterology and hepatology.

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Research Article

Population- and Gender-Based Investigation for Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in Dhamar, Yemen

Among 35 species of genus Helicobacter, H. pylori is the most common causative agent of human gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. The infection can spread through direct human-to-human contact, fecal–oral route, and contaminated water. The study was designed to investigate the rate of prevalence of H. pylori in the population of Dhamar, Yemen. In this one-year study, 460 including 250 male and 210 female stool specimens were collected between January to December 2020 in Dhamar Governorate, Yemen. Of the total 460, 215 rural (male: n = 120 and female: n = 95) and 245 urban (male: n = 130 and female: n = 115) specimens were investigated for identification of H. pylori by serological test using Helicobacter pylori stool antigen (HpSA) test. In addition, for comparing an improved recovery of H. pylori, conventional culture-based isolation was also carried out using three selective media. Modified Campy-blood Agar (MCA), Belo Horizonte Agar (BHA), and Egg yolk Emulsion (EYE) medium supplemented with antimicrobial agents including vancomycin (10 mg/L), cefsulodin (5 mg/L), trimethoprim (5 mg/L), and amphotericin B (5 mg/L) and isolates were phenotypically characterized. The HpSA test results revealed that of the total 460 specimens, 89 (19.3%) were positive for H. pylori with relatively low in male (n = 43; 17.2%) as compared to the female (n = 46; 21.9%) specimens. After 3–10 days of incubation, H. pylori was recovered at a variable rate on each selective (MCA: 16.5%; BHA: 15.0%; EYE: 13.0%) media. However, culture-based assay results showed less recovery (n = 81; 17.6%) with no significant difference among all selective media tested and between genders (male: n = 39; 15.6%; female: n = 42; 20.0%). The infection rate was comparatively higher in rural (n = 45; 20.9%) as compared to urban (n = 36; 14.7%) population. Overall, the study data showed the prevalence of infection in both genders of all age groups. The present study showed a relatively high rate of infection of H. pylori in the Dhamar population. The serological identification and culture-based methods are important for rapid detection, aid in treatment, and developing policies for the control and eradication of H. pylori infection and to prevent the disease in different age groups in Yemen.

Research Article

Surgical Management of Recurrence of Primary Intrahepatic Bile Duct Stones

Background. The surgical treatment of primary intrahepatic bile duct stones is associated with high rates of postoperative complications, stone recurrence, and reoperation. This study aimed to report an 11-year experience in the management of postoperative recurrence of intrahepatic bile duct stones, analyze the causes of the reoperation, and establish appropriate surgical procedures. Materials and Methods. The records of 148 patients with postoperative recurrence of primary intrahepatic bile duct stones treated from January 2005 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Prior surgical treatment and postoperative data were analyzed to investigate possible causes of recurrence and reoperation. Results. All patients with a prior cholangiojejunostomy (n = 61) developed biliary stenosis (100%). Of the 86 patients without cholangiojejunostomy, 71 (82.56%) had abnormalities in the structure and function of the lower end of the common bile duct, and 86 had hilar and intrahepatic bile duct stenosis. Of all 148 patients, 136 (91.89%) had positive intraoperative bile cultures. Patients were treated with a modified surgical procedure, and the combined excellent and good rate of long-term outcomes reached 85.48% (106/124). The stone recurrence rate of the 124 patients decreased from 100% (124/124) of the prior operation to 5.65% (7/124) during the reoperation. Conclusions. The pathogenesis of primary intrahepatic bile duct stones is associated with biliary infection and intrahepatic bile duct cholestasis. According to the etiology and pathogenic mechanism, surgical procedures that improve long-term outcomes and reduce postoperative recurrence include bile duct exploration with stone extraction, partial hepatectomy, hilar ductoplasty, and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy.

Research Article

Construction and Analysis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Prognostic Model Based on Random Forest

Introduction and Aims. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most lethal tumors of the digestive system, but its mechanisms remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to study HCC-related genes, build a survival prognosis prediction model, and provide references for treatment and mechanism research. Methods. Transcriptome data and clinical data of HCC were downloaded from the TCGA database. Screen important genes based on the random forest method, combined with differential expression genes (DEGs) to screen out important DEGs. The Kaplan‒Meier curve was used to evaluate its prognostic significance. Cox regression analysis was used to construct a survival prognosis prediction model, and the ROC curve was used to verify it. Finally, the mechanism of action was explored through GO and KEGG pathway enrichment and GeneMANIA coexpression analyses. Results. Seven important DEGs were identified, three were highly expressed and four were lowly expressed. Among them, GPRIN1, MYBL2, and GSTM5 were closely related to prognosis (). After the survival prognosis prediction model was established, the survival analysis showed that the survival time of the high-risk group was significantly shortened (), but the ROC analysis indicated that the model was not superior to staging. Twenty coexpressed genes were screened, and enrichment analysis indicated that glutathione metabolism was an important mechanism for these genes to regulate HCC progression. Conclusion. This study revealed the important DEGs affecting HCC progression and provided references for clinical assessment of patient prognosis and exploration of HCC progression mechanisms through the construction of predictive models and gene enrichment analysis.

Research Article

Diagnostic Delay in Coeliac Disease: A Survey among Danish Patients

Background. Coeliac disease affects around 1% of the population, although many cases remain undiagnosed. Underdiagnosis and diagnostic delay in coeliac disease may cause health complications and be a burden for both the patient and society. Casuistic reports indicate that the diagnostic delay may be significant in Danish patients. Aim. To investigate the diagnostic delay among Danish patients with coeliac disease. Methods. We performed a survey among coeliac disease patients to investigate the diagnostic delay. A web-based questionnaire was sent to all members of The Danish Coeliac Society. Results. The questionnaire was completed by 1,392 individuals with a diagnosis of coeliac disease (78.1% women; mean age: 42.8 years). The mean delay was 1.8 (SD 5.0) years from the first symptom to the first health care contact and 5.8 (SD 9.5) years from the first symptom to diagnosis; 18.6% of the participants reported a total diagnostic delay of more than 10 years. Among the patient-reported reasons for delay were misunderstandings, unspecific symptoms, and a lack of knowledge or focus on coeliac disease among the doctors. In total, 52.7% rated the time to diagnosis to have been “too long,” and 20.1% were not satisfied with the diagnostic process. However, the majority were “to some extent” or “very” satisfied with the diagnostic process. Conclusion. We found evidence of a significant diagnostic delay among Danish patients with coeliac disease. This was primarily due to the delay from the time of first health care contact to the time of diagnosis. This study highlights the importance of raising awareness of coeliac disease among health care professionals.

Research Article

A Comprehensive Hepatitis B Surface Antigen-Positive Patient-Centered Screening and Linkage to Care Strategies Targeting Microelimination of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Chongqing, China

Background and Aims. The likelihood of coinfection increases in regions where HBV is endemic because of the similar transmission route. China is another endemic nation, with 5.9% of the population being HBsAg-positive. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of HCV antibody positivity in HBsAg-positive subjects, HCV RNA positivity in anti-HCV positive subjects, and HBV/HCV coinfection with the hope of exploring hepatitis C microelimination using currently available therapies. Method. 12,500 HBsAg-positive serum samples were collected. All samples were screened for anti-HCV. Furthermore, positive samples were screened for HCV RNA. All patients with positive HCV RNA were followed up for suspicious transmission routes of HCV and linkage to care. Results. 44 out of 10,560 (0.4%) patients with positive HBsAg had detectable anti-HCV. There were 32 males and 12 females, with a statistical difference. 17 out of 44 were HCV RNA positive. Among them, 15 out of 38 patients were HCV RNA positive; 8 patients had started anti-HCV treatment with the DAA regimen, while the other 7 patients had not. After patient education, one patient had begun treatment and reached SVR12, while three patients still refused anti-HCV treatment. Conclusion. The HCV/HBV coinfection prevalence was found to be lower in this study. Even though HBV and HCV share a somewhat similar transmission route, HBsAg-positive subjects may not be at high risk for HCV infection. The process of hepatitis C’s microelimination could be accelerated by increasing patient awareness and education. This trail is registered with NCT03794791.

Research Article

Hsa_circ_0006988 Promotes Sorafenib Resistance of Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Modulating IGF1 Using miR-15a-5p

Background. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequently occurring cancer and contributes to the largest number of cancer-associated deaths worldwide. Recent evidence suggests that circular RNAs (circRNAs), which are critical for HCC etiology and metastasis, are distinctly modulated in HCC. Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism of circRNA-mediated sorafenib resistance (SOR) in HCC is yet to be determined. Methods. The hsa_circ_0006988, IGF1, and miR-15a-5p contents were quantified via ELISA and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), respectively. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) was used for the IC50 evaluation. Lastly, associations among hsa_circ_0006988, IGF1, and miR-15a-5p were validated through dual-luciferase reporter (DLR) and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays. Results. Herein, a new circRNA, hsa_circ_0006988, was identified, and its levels were markedly enhanced in SOR-resistant (SOR-R) HCC tissues. Functionally, hsa_circ_0006988 strongly suppressed SOR toxicity in vitro. Our examination of the signaling pathway revealed that hsa_circ_0006988 sequestered miR-15a-5p, a negative modulator of IGF1, thus suggesting that hsa_circ_0006988 deficiency diminished SOR resistance of HCC, and this action utilized the release of excess miR-15a-5p, which suppressed IGF1 levels. Moreover, miR-15a-5p overexpression reversed the hsa_circ_0006988-mediated SOR-R and enhanced IGF1 levels in HCC cells. Conclusion. Hsa_circ_0006988 partly promoted the SOR-R of HCC cells through miR-15a-5p sequestering and upregulation of IGF1 levels.

Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate22%
Submission to final decision89 days
Acceptance to publication23 days
CiteScore5.100
Journal Citation Indicator0.490
Impact Factor2.605
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