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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 1-6

HIV Infection and the Esophagus

Linda Rabeneck

University of British Columbia, St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Received 16 May 1988; Accepted 19 May 1988

Copyright © 1989 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The esophagus can be involved in human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection. Esophageal ulcers can occur as part of an acute (primary) HIV infection syndrome. ln addition. the esophagus can be involved with the neoplasms associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) – both Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Opportunistic infections may also involve the esophagus, most commonly candida and cytomegalovirus infection. It is important for gastroenterologists to be aware of the clinical features of these lesions and to be ready to carry out endoscopy to diagnose these lesions correctly.