IDB: Nutritional and Pediatric Therapy | Open Access
D Grant Gall, "Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children", Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 4, Article ID 909858, 3 pages, 1990. https://doi.org/10.1155/1990/909858
Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children
As no curative therapy exists, supportive measures play an important role in the management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBO). Aminosalicylic acid (ASA) compounds and corticosteroids remain the mainstay of medical therapy. Aminosalicylates are recommended for therapy of mild to moderate active ulcerative colitis and for the maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis. The role of 5-ASA preparations in Crohn's disease is less clear. In granulomatous colitis, 5-ASA therapy is recommended. With the development of new delivery systems, the role for 5-ASA in the treatment of small bowel Crohn's disease is under investigation. Prednisone remains the drug of choice in severe ulcerative colitis and active Crohn's disease. The role of immunosuppressive drugs in pediatric patients is unclear. Nutritional therapy has been an important advance in the treatment of children with Crohn's disease, especially those with growth failure. Nutritional therapy can consist of combined total parenteral and enteral nutrition or enteral nutrition alone. An initial period of total parenteral nutrition followed by a six to eight week course of enteral therapy with a semisynthetic diet has been shown to be effective in the management of patients with severe active disease and growth failure.
Copyright © 1990 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.