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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 9, Issue 6, Pages 345-348
Brief Communication

Ileocolonic Schistosomiasis Resembling Crohn’s Disease

Geoffrey W Gardiner, Arthur Zalev, and Ralph Warren

Departments of Pathology, Diagnostic Imaging and Medicine, St Michael’s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Received 1 February 1995; Accepted 22 March 1995

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A case of ileocolonic schistosomiasis mimicking Crohn’s disease of the ileum is presented. Surgical resection of ileum was performed in a 40-year-old man because of intestinal obstruction with fistulas, which were diagnosed surgically and histologically as Crohn’s disease. It was only with tissue review six months later that the diagnosis of ileal schistosomiasis was made. The difficulties in diagnosis and recognition of this disease are discussed.