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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 221-224
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1996/717396
Brief Communication

A Rare Form of Chronic Granulomatous Disease (Type Iva) Presenting as Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Francisco A Sylvester

Division of Gastroenterology & Nutrition and Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Received 5 April 1995; Revised 14 August 1995

Copyright © 1996 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Neutrophil dysfunction syndromes can sometimes mimic the clinical and pathological features of inflammatory bowel disease. The case of a 3.5-year-old boy with chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, poor growth since infancy and microcytic, hypochromic anemia is presented. After an extensive diagnostic evaluation, he was found to have a rare variant (type IVA) of chronic granulomatous disease. His gastrointestinal symptoms markedly improved during therapy with gamma-interferon. Chronic granulomatous disease can present initially with a clinical picture suggestive of chronic intestinal inflammation. Therefore it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of atypical inflammatory bowel disease, both in children and young adults.