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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 13, Suppl A, Pages 8A-11A
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1999/240329
GUT DYSFUNCTION IN IBS

Motor Function in Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Michael Camilleri

Mayo Medical School, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

Copyright © 1999 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The evidence supporting a role of abnormal motor function in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is reviewed. Symptoms commonly present in IBS patients, such as vomiting, diarrhea, constipation or incomplete rectal evacuation, indicate that a motor disorder is implicit as either a primary or secondary disturbance. Physiological studies implicate a disturbance of transit through the small bowel and proximal colon, and abnormal motor responses of the rectum to distention in IBS patients. Intestinal contractions (physiological or ‘abnormal’) are associated with the sensation of pain, suggesting that these contractions are interactions between abnormal motor and sensory functions in IBS. Therapies aimed at correcting abnormal transit or antispasmodics are the main pharmacological approaches to the relief of IBS, and, although the latter are not always effective in the long term response to treatment, they support the role of dysmotility in IBS. Most novel therapies under trial probably modulate both sensory and motor functions, and are discussed briefly. In summary, the weight of clinical, physiological and pharmacological evidence supports a role of abnormal motility in IBS.