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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 14, Suppl D, Pages 44D-50D
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2000/436854
Mini-Review

Primary Gastric Lymphoma of MALT: Considerations of Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Therapy

Wolfgang Fischbach

Medizinische Klinik II, Klinikum Aschaffenburg, Am Hasenkopf, Aschaffenburg, Germany

Received 4 February 1999; Accepted 5 February 1999

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Primary gastric lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is a distinct entity with its own histological classification. Epidemiological, histomorphological, molecular biological and experimental data clearly underline that infection of the gastric mucosa by Helicobacter pylori plays an important role in both the development and progression of MALT lymphoma. Considering the histological grade of malignancy and dissemination (stage) of the disease as decisive prognostic factors, and therapeutic determinants, endoscopic bioptical diagnosis and endoscopic ultrasound are of particular importance. In cases of localized (stage 1), low grade lymphoma, eradication of H pylori offers a promising and fascinating therapeutic option. Surgical resection, radiotherapy or chemotherapy, and their combination, have proven to be effective treatment modalities. There is a need to clarify whether operative or conservative therapeutic strategies should be favoured in the future.