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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 14, Suppl D, Pages 93D-98D

Medical Management of Chronic Cholestatic Liver Diseases

Andrea A Gossard and Keith D Lindor

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

Received 7 June 1999; Accepted 13 June 1999

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of the present review is to discuss the diagnosis and management of cholestatic liver diseases. Differential diagnoses to consider are described, including causes of extrahepatic biliary obstruction such as gallstones, strictures, extrabiliary malignancies and pancreatitis. In addition, diseases that cause intrahepatic cholestasis such as primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, hepatocellular diseases and a variety of miscellaneous causes including drugs that may cause cholestasis are discussed. Primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis are reviewed in detail, and management options are identified. The prognosis of patients with these diseases is discussed, and the Mayo Mathematical Models in Cholestatic Liver Disease for both primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis are provided. Finally, management options for the complications of cholestasis are provided.