Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 17 (2003), Issue 4, Pages 273-274
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2003/309532
Focus on Endoscopy

A New Method of Enteroscopy–The Double-Balloon Method

Hironori Yamamoto and Kentaro Sugano

Department of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical School, Japan

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the small intestine have been impeded by difficult technical challenges. Traditionally, endoscopic evaluation of this organ has required open laparotomy with the surgically assisted passage of the scope through the intestine. Nonsurgical endoscopic techniques have been developed, including push enteroscopy, passage of a scope over a guide-string, and a method that depends on peristalsis to advance the instrument, but each of these is subject to severe limitations. A novel procedure has been devised, whereby an endoscope and a soft flexible overtube, each of which has an inflatable balloon attached to its distal end, are employed together. The technique is described in detail in the present article. Double-balloon enteroscopy allows visualization of the entire small intestine, to and fro examination of an area of interest, and the taking of biopsy specimens in a manner that is safer, quicker and less painful than previous techniques. It constitutes an important advance in the diagnosis and management of bleeding and other small intestinal disorders.