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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 113-117
Original Article

Helicobacter pylori Eradication with Either Seven-Day or 10-Day Triple Therapies, and with a 10-Day Sequential Regimen

Giuseppe Scaccianoce,1 Cesare Hassan,2 Alba Panarese,1 Donato Piglionica,1 Sergio Morini,2 and Angelo Zullo2

1Digestive Endoscopy, “Umberto I” Hospital, Altamura, Bari, Italy
2Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy, “Nuovo Regina Margherita” Hospital, Roma, Italy

Received 4 May 2005; Accepted 14 July 2005

Copyright © 2006 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori eradication rates achieved by standard seven-day triple therapies are decreasing in several countries, while a novel 10-day sequential regimen has achieved a very high success rate. A longer 10-day triple therapy, similar to the sequential regimen, was tested to see whether it could achieve a better infection cure rate.

METHODS: Patients with nonulcer dyspepsia and H pylori infection were randomly assigned to one of the following three therapies: esomeprazole 20 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg and amoxycillin 1 g for seven days or 10 days, or a 10-day sequential regimen including esomeprazole 20 mg plus amoxycillin 1 g for five days and esomeprazole 20 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg and tinidazole 500 mg for the remaining five days. All drugs were given twice daily. H pylori eradication was checked four to six weeks after treatment by using a 13C-urea breath test.

RESULTS: Overall, 213 patients were enrolled. H pylori eradication was achieved in 75.7% and 77.9%, in 81.7% and 84.1%, and in 94.4% and 97.1% of patients following seven-day or 10-day triple therapy and the 10-day sequential regimen, at intention-to-treat and per protocol analyses, respectively. The eradication rate following the sequential regimen was higher than either seven-day (P=0.002) or 10-day triple therapy (P=0.02), while no significant difference emerged between the latter two regimens (P=0.6).

CONCLUSIONS: The 10-day sequential regimen was significantly more effective than both triple regimens, while 10-day triple therapy failed to significantly increase the H pylori eradication rate achieved by the standard seven-day regimen.