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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 20 (2006), Issue 5, Pages 351-355
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2006/356434
Brief Communication

Rofecoxib-Induced Hepatotoxicity: A Forgotten Complication of the Coxibs

Brian Yan,1 Yvette Leung,1 Stefan J Urbanski,2 and Robert P Myers1

1Liver Unit, Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
2Department of Pathology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Received 1 May 2005; Accepted 9 January 2006

Copyright © 2006 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rofecoxib is a member of the coxib family of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that selectively inhibit cyclooxygenase-2. Although the coxibs are generally well-tolerated, rofecoxib was recently withdrawn from the market due to concerns regarding cardiovascular safety. Rare cases of hepatic injury attributable to the coxibs have been reported. In the present study, two additional cases of severe hepatotoxicity are described in patients with cholestatic symptoms and abnormal liver biochemistry, shortly following the initiation of rofecoxib for arthritic complaints. In both cases, liver histology was compatible with drug-induced hepatotoxicity, and rapid clinical and biochemical improvements were observed following rofecoxib discontinuation. With new coxibs and expanding indications on the horizon, physicians in all areas of practice must be aware of this disorder and consider it in any patient who develops hepatic dysfunction after taking a coxib.