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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 21, Issue 10, Pages 649-651
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2007/340591
Review

Consumption of Pure Oats by Individuals with Celiac Disease: A Position Statement by the Canadian Celiac Association

Mohsin Rashid,1,2 Decker Butzner,1,3 Vernon Burrows,1,4 Marion Zarkadas,1 Shelley Case,1,5 Mavis Molloy,1,6 Ralph Warren,1,7 Olga Pulido,8 and Connie Switzer1,9

1Professional Advisory Board, Canadian Celiac Association, Canada
2Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
3Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
4Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
5Consulting Dietitian, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada
6Kelowna General Hospital, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada
7Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, St Michael’s Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
8Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
9Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Received 11 December 2006; Accepted 18 January 2007

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The treatment of celiac disease is a strict adherence to a gluten-free diet for life. In the past, oats were considered to be toxic to individuals with celiac disease and were not allowed in a gluten-free diet. However, recent evidence suggests that oats that are pure and uncontaminated with other gluten-containing grains, if taken in limited quantities, are safe for most individuals with celiac disease. For adults, up to 70 g (1/2 to 3/4 cup) of oats per day and for children, up to 25 g (1/4 cup) per day are safe to consume. These oats and oat products must fulfill the standards for a gluten-free diet set by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Health Canada. The Canadian Celiac Association, in consultation with Health Canada, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, has established requirements for growing, processing, and purity testing and labelling of pure oats. These strategies have led to the production of pure, uncontaminated oats for the first time in Canada. Oats and oat products that are safe for consumption by individuals with celiac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis are now commercially available in Canada.