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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 23 (2009), Issue 6, Pages 439-440
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/540420
Brief Review

Relevance of Segmental Colitis with Diverticulosis (SCAD) to Other Forms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Hugh J Freeman

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of British Columbia Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Received 11 July 2008; Accepted 12 July 2008

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A well localized inflammatory process involving only the sigmoid colonic segment associated with diverticulosis (SCAD), has become increasingly recognized as a distinct clinical and pathological disorder, usually described in older adults, often with rectal bleeding. Although some resolve spontaneously, most patients appear to respond to treatment only with 5-aminosalicylate. Endoscopic evaluation reveals a nonspecific inflammatory process localized in the sigmoid colon that usually completely resolves with histologically normal colonic mucosa. Recurrent symptoms with evidence of recurrent segmental colitis may occur, but most have an entirely benign clinical course. Further definition of the underlying molecular signalling that occurs in this apparently distinctive disorder may be critically important to understand the elements of a colonic inflammatory process that can completely and spontaneously resolve.