Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology / 2009 / Article

Original Article | Open Access

Volume 23 |Article ID 620518 | 7 pages | https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/620518

The Identification of Lynch Syndrome in British Columbia

Received02 Dec 2008
Accepted31 Mar 2009

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Lynch syndrome mutations in a Canadian hereditary cancer clinic population, and to determine the effectiveness of the program’s referral criteria and testing algorithm.METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients who were referred for and received genetic counselling at the BC Cancer Agency’s Hereditary Cancer Program for a family history of colon cancer from August 1, 2004, to September 1, 2006, was performed. Charts were reviewed for referral criteria met, cancer history, whether testing was offered and the outcome of testing.RESULTS: Lynch syndrome was confirmed or highly suspected in 14.3% of index test patients (eight of 56) by the identification of a deleterious mutation or variant likely to be deleterious in either of the hMLH1 or hMSH2 mismatch repair genes. In the program, the two most effective criteria were a personal diagnosis of two or more primary Lynch syndrome-related cancers (one diagnosed at younger than 50 years of age) or two first-degree relatives with a Lynch syndrome-related cancer (both diagnosed at younger than 50 years of age). The respective positive predictive values of these two criteria were calculated to be 66.7% (95% CI 40% to 93%) and 58.3% (95% CI 30.4% to 86.2%).CONCLUSIONS: The Hereditary Cancer Program developed and successfully implemented an approach that selected individuals at risk for Lynch syndrome with a significant pretest probability of mutation of 14.3%. Improved ascertainment of families with Lynch syndrome will require greater physician awareness of referral criteria, program advances in the testing algorithm and a population-based approach to screening incident colon cancers.

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


More related articles

370 Views | 162 Downloads | 3 Citations
 PDF  Download Citation  Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

Related articles

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.