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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume 28, Issue 3, Pages 125-130
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/834512
Original Article

Atypical Distribution of Inflammation in Newly Diagnosed Ulcerative Colitis is not Rare

Sang Hyoung Park,1 Suk-Kyun Yang,1 Soo-Kyung Park,1 Jong Wook Kim,2 Dong-Hoon Yang,1 Kee Wook Jung,1 Kyung-Jo Kim,1 Byong Duk Ye,1 Jeong-Sik Byeon,1 Seung-Jae Myung,1 and Jin-Ho Kim1

1Department of Gastroenterology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
2Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Ilsanseo-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea

Received 17 September 2013; Accepted 19 September 2013

Copyright © 2014 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Appendiceal orifice inflammation (AOI) is a common ‘skip lesion’ in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, other skip lesions are less well known.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the atypical distribution of UC lesions, other than AOI, in terms of their frequency, pattern, risk factors and prognostic implications.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis of colonoscopic findings and clinical course of 240 adult UC patients who were initially diagnosed at Asan Medical Center (Seoul, South Korea) was performed.

RESULTS: Of 240 patients, 46 (19.2%) showed an atypical distribution of lesions at initial colonoscopy: eight (3.3%) had rectal sparing (segmental-type UC); and 38 (15.8%) had patchy/segmental skip lesions other than AOI. Skip lesions were detected more frequently in proximal segments of the colon than in distal segments (P=0.001). An atypical distribution was more common in patients with AOI (31.3%) than in those without AOI (10.6%; P<0.001). The clinical course of patients with an atypical distribution was not different from that of patients with a typical distribution in terms of remission, relapse, disease extension, colectomy and mortality. In addition, of the 36 patients with an atypical distribution of lesions at diagnosis who underwent follow-up colonoscopy, 24 (66.7%) demonstrated a typical distribution of lesions.

CONCLUSIONS: Patchy/segmental skip lesions and rectal sparing occur not infrequently in adult patients with newly diagnosed, untreated UC. As such, these features alone should not be considered to be definitive evidence against a diagnosis of UC. There does not appear to be a prognostic implication of an atypical distribution of lesions.