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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume 29 (2015), Issue 1, Pages 19-34
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/692408
Special Article

An Update on the Management of Chronic Hepatitis C: 2015 Consensus Guidelines from the Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver

Robert P Myers,1 Hemant Shah,2 Kelly W Burak,1 Curtis Cooper,3 and Jordan J Feld2

1Liver Unit, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
2Toronto Western Hospital Liver Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
3Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Received 17 December 2014; Accepted 18 December 2014

Copyright © 2015 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This open-access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC) (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits reuse, distribution and reproduction of the article, provided that the original work is properly cited and the reuse is restricted to noncommercial purposes.

Abstract

Chronic hepatitis C remains a significant medical and economic burden in Canada, affecting nearly 1% of the population. Since the last Canadian consensus conference on the management of chronic hepatitis C, major advances have occurred that warrant a review of recommended management approaches for these patients. Specifically, direct-acting antiviral agents with dramatically improved rates of virological clearance compared with standard therapy have been developed and interferon-free, all-oral antiviral regimens have been approved. In light of this new evidence, an update to the 2012 Canadian Association for the Study of the Liver consensus guidelines on the management of hepatitis C was produced. The present document reviews the epidemiology of hepatitis C in Canada, preferred diagnostic testing approaches and recommendations for the treatment of chronically infected patients with the newly approved antiviral agents, including those who have previously failed peginterferon and ribavirin-based therapy. In addition, recommendations are made regarding approaches to reducing the burden of hepatitis C in Canada.