Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume 2016, Article ID 1681507, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1681507
Research Article

Assessing the Relationship between Sources of Stress and Symptom Changes among Persons with IBD over Time: A Prospective Study

1Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
2IBD Clinical and Research Centre, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
3Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
4Department of Clinical Health Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada

Received 28 February 2016; Revised 2 September 2016; Accepted 22 September 2016

Academic Editor: Eric I. Benchimol

Copyright © 2016 Matthew T. Bernstein et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. M. Collins, “Stress and the gastrointestinal tract IV. Modulation of intestinal inflammation by stress: basic mechanisms and clinical relevance,” American Journal of Physiology—Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, vol. 280, no. 3, pp. G315–G318, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. L. Bonaz and C. N. Bernstein, “Brain-gut interactions in inflammatory bowel disease,” Gastroenterology, vol. 144, no. 1, pp. 36–49, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Cohen and D. Janicki-Deverts, “Who's stressed? Distributions of psychological stress in the United States in probability samples from 1983, 2006, and 2009,” Journal of Applied Social Psychology, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 1320–1334, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. N. Bernstein, S. Singh, L. A. Graff, J. R. Walker, N. Miller, and M. Cheang, “A prospective population-based study of triggers of symptomatic flares in IBD,” The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 105, no. 9, pp. 1994–2002, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Keefer, A. Keshavarzian, and E. Mutlu, “Reconsidering the methodology of ‘stress’ research in inflammatory bowel disease,” Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 193–201, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. Singh, A. Blanchard, J. R. Walker, L. A. Graff, N. Miller, and C. N. Bernstein, “Common symptoms and stressors among individuals with inflammatory bowel diseases,” Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 769–775, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. E. Targownik, K. A. Sexton, M. T. Bernstein et al., “The relationship among perceived stress, symptoms, and inflammation in persons with inflammatory bowel disease,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 110, no. 7, pp. 1001–1012, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. N. Bernstein, J. F. Blanchard, P. Rawsthorne, and A. Wajda, “Epidemiology of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis in a central Canadian province: a population-based study,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 149, no. 10, pp. 916–924, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. T. Longobardi, J. R. Walker, L. A. Graff, and C. N. Bernstein, “Health service utilization in IBD: comparison of self-report and administrative data,” BMC Health Services Research, vol. 11, no. 1, article 137, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. I. Clara, L. M. Lix, J. R. Walker et al., “The manitoba IBD index: evidence for a new and simple indicator of IBD activity,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 104, no. 7, pp. 1754–1763, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Cohen, T. Kamarck, and R. Mermelstein, “A global measure of perceived stress,” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 385–396, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Moradkhani, L. J. Beckman, and J. H. Tabibian, “Health-related quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease: psychosocial, clinical, socioeconomic, and demographic predictors,” Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 467–473, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. J. O'Leary, D. Creamer, E. Higgins, and J. Weinman, “Perceived stress, stress attributions and psychological distress in psoriasis,” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 465–471, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. J. Gardner and D. G. Altman, “Confidence intervals rather than P values: estimation rather than hypothesis testing,” British Medical Journal, vol. 292, no. 6522, pp. 746–750, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Cummings and T. D. Koepsell, “P values vs estimates of association with confidence intervals,” Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, vol. 164, no. 2, pp. 193–196, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. A. Graff, J. R. Walker, L. Lix et al., “The relationship of inflammatory bowel disease type and activity to psychological functioning and quality of life,” Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 1491–1501.e1, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. S. Lazarus and S. Folkman, Stress, Appraisal, and Coping, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 1984.
  18. H. M. Becker, D. Grigat, S. Ghosh et al., “Living with inflammatory bowel disease: a Crohn's and Colitis Canada survey,” Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 77–84, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. P. Block, Y. He, A. M. Zaslavsky, L. Ding, and J. Z. Ayanian, “Psychosocial stress and change in weight among US adults,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 170, no. 2, pp. 181–192, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. M. C. Keller, M. C. Neale, and K. S. Kendler, “Association of different adverse life events with distinct patterns of depressive symptoms,” The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 164, no. 10, pp. 1521–1529, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus