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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume 2016, Article ID 4278724, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4278724
Research Article

Hepatitis B Awareness and Knowledge in Asian Communities in British Columbia

1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, GLDHCC, 2775 Laurel Street, 5th Floor, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9
2S.U.C.C.E.S.S., 555 Carrall Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6B 2J8
3Cancer Control Research Program, BC Cancer Agency, 675 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1L3
4School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, 2206 East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z9

Received 3 September 2015; Accepted 9 November 2015

Copyright © 2016 Alan Hoi Lun Yau et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Our study examined hepatitis B virus (HBV) awareness and knowledge in Asian communities in British Columbia (BC). Methods. A statistical random sample representation of Chinese, Korean, Filipino, South Asian, and Southeast Asian populations in Greater Vancouver was surveyed by telephone. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of HBV knowledge. Results. General awareness of HBV was reported in 78.8% (798/1013). HBV awareness was the highest in Chinese (89%) and Filipino (88%) populations and the lowest in the South Asian (56%) population. “Reasonable” knowledge of HBV was elicited in 76.8% (778/1013). Higher HBV knowledge was associated with younger age (), higher education (), Chinese ethnicity (), and use of media () and Internet () for health information. Compared to the Chinese (OR = 1.0) population, “reasonable” knowledge of HBV was lower in Korean (OR = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1–0.5), Filipino (OR = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.2–0.6), South Asian (OR = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.2–0.4), and Southeast Asian (OR = 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1–0.6) populations. 54.8% (555/1013) felt that HBV education was inadequate and 80.1% (811/1013) preferred HBV education in their native languages. Conclusion. Compared to the Chinese population, other Asian communities in BC have lower HBV awareness and knowledge. Public education should target older and less educated and Korean, Filipino, South Asian, and Southeast Asian populations in their native languages via media and Internet.