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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume 3, Issue 3, Pages 134-138
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1992/831523
Original Article

The Effect of Age and Occupation on the Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection

GI Perez-Perez,1,5 T Marrie,2 H Inouye,3 T Shimoyama,3 G Marshall,4,5 G Meiklejohn,5 and MJ Blaser1,5

1Divisions of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and Veterans Administration Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
2Division of Infectious Diseases, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
3Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan
4Departamento de Estadistica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile
5Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado, USA

Received 20 November 1990; Accepted 13 April 1991

Copyright © 1992 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Serological studies in developed and developing countries using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays have validated this technique as a rapid, noninvasive method for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infections. The prevalence of serum antibodies to H pylori was studied in 473 Canadian blood donors from Manitoba, 212 healthy Japanese. and 226 healthy Americans. As expected, the seroprevalence rose progressively with age in the three populations and reached its peak (greater than 55%) in subjects 60 years of age and older. The seroprevalence did not decrease in elderly persons (60 to 99 years), indicating a persistent immune response. More detailed analysis was perfom1ed on the Canadian population. Age-adjusted prevalence rates in men and women were similar. Among young adults (15 to 29 years). farmers had a significantly higher seroprevalence rate than white-collar or blue-collar workers. but in older persons occupational rates were similar. A multiple linear regression analysis of the data confirmed that age and occupation in young adults were both significantly associated with seroprevalence of H pylori infections.