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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume 8, Issue 6, Pages 329-334
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1997/520178
Original Article

Polymerase Chain Reaction-And Rna Hybridization-Based Method for the Investigation of Deep-Seated Candidiasis

Peter R Couroux,1 Zafar Hussain,2 Frank Rutledge,1 Robert Lannigan,2 Edward D Ralph,3 Barbara Nancekivell, and Thomas W Austin1

1Department of Microbiology and Critical Care and Trauma Unit, Victoria Hospital, Canada
2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Western Ontario, London Ontario, Canada
3Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, The University of Western Ontario, London Ontario, Canada

Received 1 November 1996; Accepted 13 March 1997

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and RNA hybridization method for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis and to compare its sensitivity with blood cultures.

DESIGN: Blood cultures and a blood sample for PCR were taken from patients with suspected invasive candidiasis. A 105 base pair conserved segment within the rDNA of Candida species was amplified. The amplicon was detected by hybridization and gel electrophoresis.

SETTING: Intensive care units of two tertiary care hospitals.

PATIENTS: One hundred and eighteen patients 16 years of age or older with four more risk factors for invasive candidiasis were enrolled. Present or recent past treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics, cancer chemotherapy, immunosuppressive drugs, granulocytopenia or granulocytosis, intravascular catheterization, tracheal intubation, recent abdominal surgery and parenteral nutrition were considered risk factors.

RESULTS: Forty-three patients had invasive candidiasis. PCR detected infections in 28 and 26 patients (sensitivity 65.1% and 60.4%) by hybridization and gel electrophoresis, respectively. The sensitivity of blood cultures was 58.1%. Of 25 patients with positive blood cultures, 17 were positive by PCR with the hybridization method. Eleven patients with invasive candidiasis had negative blood cultures but were positive by PCR.

CONCLUSION: PCR, especially with a hybridization detection method, is more sensitive than blood culture for invasive candidiasis and may facilitate the diagnosis of nonfungemic disease.