Original Article | Open Access
Fawziah Marra, Carlo A Marra, David M Patrick, "Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Azithromycin and Doxycycline for Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection in Women: A Canadian Perspective", Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology, vol. 8, Article ID 870203, 7 pages, 1997. https://doi.org/10.1155/1997/870203
Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Azithromycin and Doxycycline for Chlamydia Trachomatis Infection in Women: A Canadian Perspective
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost effectiveness of azithromycin versus doxycycline therapy for cervical Chlamydia trachomatis infections in Canada.DESIGN: A predictive decision analytic model using previously published clinical and economic evaluations, expert opinion and costs of medical care in Canada.POPULATION: A hypothetical cohort of 5000 women followed over 10 years.INTERVENTIONS: Two diagnostic strategies were compared, laboratory confirmed diagnosis (LCD) and presumptive diagnosis (PD) of C trachomatis infection. Under each strategy, two treatment alternatives were analyzed, a single 1 g dose of azithromycin and a seven-day course of doxycycline as 100 mg twice daily.RESULTS: Despite a fourfold higher acquisition cost, under base case conditions, for both diagnostic strategies, the azithromycin treatment alternative was more cost effective than the doxycycline alternative. For the LCD model, the cost per cure for patients receiving azithromycin was $184.76 compared with $240.59 for patients receiving doxycycline, resulting in an incremental cost of $55.83. For the PD model, the cost per cure for patients treated with azithromycin was $51.48 compared with $51.82, resulting in an incremental cost of $0.34. For the hypothetical cohort of 5000 women, the use of azithromycin translates into a projected annual cost savings of $279,150 and $1,700 for the LCD and PD models, respectively. In one-way sensitivity analyses for the LCD model, no clinically plausible changes in the base case estimates changed the results of the cost effectiveness outcome. In the PD model, clinically plausible changes in the probabilities of doxycycline cure, pelvic inflammatory disease, sequelae and chlamydia infection were found to alter the cost effectiveness outcome.CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results from our model, the azithromycin strategy should be employed for the treatment of laboratory confirmed cases. However, for presumptive cases, azithromycin should be used only if the probabilities of C trachomatis and pelvic inflammatory disease are more than 19%, doxycycline effectiveness is less than 78%, or the cost of azithromycin is less than $19.00.
Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.