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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology
Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 161-165
Paediatric Infectious Disease Note

Transfusion and Risk of Infection in Canada: Update 2005

Copyright © 2005 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In Canada and other countries, many steps are taken to minimize the risk of infection through the transfusion of blood or blood products (1). However, the infection risk can never be zero because these are biological products that are taken from living donors who are never 'germ free' (2). This is in contrast to drugs that can be manufactured de novo under sterile conditions in a laboratory. The present note provides an update on transfusion infection risks in Canada. It replaces the 2004 note (3) and may be helpful to practitioners in discussions with patients and parents toward obtaining informed consent before blood or blood product administration.