Original Article | Open Access
Lalit Saini, Jack T Seki, Deepali Kumar, Eshetu G Atenafu, David EC Cole, Betty YL Wong, Andrea Božović, Joseph M Brandwein, "Serum Voriconazole Level Variability in Patients with Hematological Malignancies Receiving Voriconazole Therapy", Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology, vol. 25, Article ID 214813, 6 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/214813
Serum Voriconazole Level Variability in Patients with Hematological Malignancies Receiving Voriconazole Therapy
INTRODUCTION: Voriconazole plasma concentrations have been correlated with oral dosing in healthy subjects, but have been poorly characterized in ill patients with hematological malignancies receiving intensive chemotherapy.METHODS: The relationship between orally administered voriconazole, plasma concentrations and liver toxicity was examined in a cohort of 69 primarily acute leukemia patients undergoing intensive chemotherapy.RESULTS: Oral administration of voriconazole was associated with significant interpatient variability, with voriconazole steady-state concentrations ranging from 0 μg/mL to 16.6 μg/mL. Approximately 20% of patients achieved steady-state concentrations <1 μg/mL. When adjusted for weight, patients receiving higher voriconazole doses tended toward higher plasma concentrations; however, there was no significant relationship between the plasma concentration and genotype, age, sex or use of concomitant proton pump inhibitors. Voriconazole concentrations were correlated with higher serum alkaline phosphatase levels at day 6 to 8, and with higher bilirubin and aspartate aminotransferase levels at day 14 to 16, but not with other liver enzyme levels.CONCLUSION: In ill patients with acute leukemia and related disorders undergoing treatment with oral voriconazole, there is a poor correlation between the voriconazole dose and plasma concentrations, and many patients achieve levels that are considered to be subtherapeutic. The findings support the routine use of therapeutic drug monitoring in these patients.
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