Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology
Volume 26, Issue 4, Pages 212-217
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/963529
Review

Pasteurella multocida Non-Native Joint Infection after a Dog Lick: A Case Report Describing a Complicated Two-Stage Revision and a Comprehensive Review of the Literature

Lam Philip W1 and Andrea V Page1,2

1Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
2Division of Infectious Diseases, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Copyright © 2015 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are commonly caused by pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci; however, other microbial etiologies and specific risk factors are increasingly recognized. Pasteurella multocida is a Gram-negative coccobacillus that is part of the normal oral flora in many animals, and is particularly common in dogs and cats. PJIs caused by P multocida have been reported only rarely in the literature and typically occur in the context of an animal bite or scratch. The present article describes a P multocida joint infection that occurred after a dog lick and complicated a two-stage revision arthroplasty. A comprehensive review of the literature regarding P multocida PJIs follows.