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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2980297, 5 pages
Case Report

First Imported Case of Chikungunya Virus Infection in a Travelling Canadian Returning from the Caribbean

1Laboratoire de Santé Publique du Québec, Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, 20045 chemin Sainte-Marie, Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, Canada H9X 3R5
2Hôpital de Chicoutimi, Centre de Santé et de Services Sociaux de Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada
3National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, MB, Canada

Received 15 June 2015; Accepted 14 December 2015

Copyright © 2016 Christian Therrien et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This is the first Canadian case of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection reported in a traveller returning from the Caribbean. Following multiple mosquito bites in Martinique Island in January 2014, the patient presented with high fever, headaches, arthralgia on both hands and feet, and a rash on the trunk upon his return to Canada. Initial serological testing for dengue virus infection was negative. Support therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was administered. The symptoms gradually improved 4 weeks after onset with residual arthralgia and morning joint stiffness. This clinical feature prompted the clinician to request CHIKV virus serology which was found to be positive for the presence of IgM and neutralizing antibodies. In 2014, over four hundred confirmed CHIKV infection cases were diagnosed in Canadian travellers returning from the Caribbean and Central America. Clinical suspicion of CHIKV or dengue virus infections should be considered in febrile patients with arthralgia returning from the recently CHIKV endemic countries of the Americas.