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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 8254343, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8254343
Research Article

Transfusion-Transmissible Infections among Voluntary Blood Donors at Wolaita Sodo University Teaching Referral Hospital, South Ethiopia

1School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Wolaita Sodo University, P.O. Box 138, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
2School of Public Health and Environmental Science, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
3Wolaita Sodo University Teaching Referral Hospital Laboratory, P.O. Box 378, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
4School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, P.O. Box 138, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia

Received 24 February 2016; Revised 5 July 2016; Accepted 14 July 2016

Academic Editor: Elisabetta Caselli

Copyright © 2016 Fithamlak Solomon Bisetegen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Transfusion-transmissible infections, human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and syphilis are among the greatest threats to blood safety and pose a serious public health problem. Objective. To determine the magnitude of blood borne infections among blood donors at Wolaita Sodo University Teaching Referral Hospital. Methods and Materials. A cross-sectional study was conducted from 10/11/2015 up to 10/12/2015. 390 donors were consecutively included and data on donor’s age, sex, blood type, and serum screening results were obtained by structured questionnaire and laboratory investigation. The collected data were entered into Epi Data version 1.4 and then exported to SPSS version 20.0 for analysis. Result. The seroprevalence of blood borne pathogens is 29.5% of which HCV, HBV, HIV, and syphilis account for 8.5%, 9.5%, 6.4%, and 7.5%, respectively. Multiple infections were observed among 2.8% of the infected individuals. In addition, age ≥ 30 has a significant association with HCV. Conclusion. Significantly higher prevalence of transfusion-transmissible infections was identified from blood donors and they remain to be the greatest threat to blood safety, so comprehensive screening of donors’ blood for HIV, HBV, HCV, and syphilis using standard methods is highly recommended to ensure the safety of blood recipient.