Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

ART Regimen and Other Sociodemographics Do Not Affect Cytokine Expression in HIV Patients in Ghana

Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of HIV patients stratified according to gender.

VariableTotalMaleFemale value

Age (years)45.54 ± 0.784648.94 ± 1.98244.81 ± 0.84520.0452t
≤3014 (7.0)1 (2.9)13 (7.9)0.2561c
31–60169 (84.5)29 (82.9)140 (84.8)
>6017 (8.5)5 (14.3)12 (7.3)

Marital status
Single54 (27)6 (17.1)48 (29.1)0.0017c
Married73 (36.5)22 (62.9)51 (30.9)
Cohabitating73 (36.5)7 (20.0)66 (40.0)

Educational status
None to primary96 (48.0)7 (20.0)89 (53.9)0.0003c
Up to secondary (senior high)93 (46.5)23 (65.7)70 (42.4)
Tertiary11 (5.5)5 (14.3)6 (3.6)

Employment status
Unemployed29 (14.5)2 (5.7)27 (16.4)0.0018c
Unskilled157 (78.5)26 (74.3)131 (79.4)
Skilled14 (7.0)7 (20.0)7 (4.2)

Place or residence
Rural93 (46.5)12 (34.3)81 (49.1)0.1107c
Urban107 (53.5)23 (65.7)84 (50.9)

Religion
Christian182 (91.0)29 (82.9)153 (92.7)0.0056c
Muslim16 (8.0)4 (11.4)12 (7.3)
Traditional2 (1.0)2 (5.7)0 (0.0)

Smoking
Yes2 (1.0)1 (2.9)1 (0.6)0.2241c
No198 (99.0)34 (97.1)164 (99.4)

Values are presented as frequency (percentages), mean ± SED; tStudent’s sample t-test; cchi-square test; .