Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

ART Regimen and Other Sociodemographics Do Not Affect Cytokine Expression in HIV Patients in Ghana

Table 2

HIV-associated clinical and laboratory characteristics of the study participants stratified according to gender.

VariableTotalMaleFemale value

Duration of HIV diagnosis (months)60.42 ± 2.99857.71 ± 7.40360.99 ± 3.2860.6787t
<2441 (20.5)8 (22.9)33 (20.0)0.6735c
24–6077 (38.5)15 (42.9)62 (37.6)
>6082 (41.0)12 (34.3)70 (42.4)

WHO staging
18 (4.0)0 (0.0)8 (4.8)0.5214c
249 (24.5)9 (25.7)40 (24.2)
3114 (57.0)22 (62.9)92 (55.8)
429 (14.5)4 (11.4)25 (15.2)

Duration on ART (years)
1–213 (6.5)3 (8.6)10 (6.1)0.4895c
3–450 (25.0)11 (31.4)39 (23.6)
>4137 (68.5)21 (60.0)116 (70.3)

ART regimen
First-line regimen186 (93)32 (91.4)154 (93.3)0.6883c
Second-line regimen14 (7)3 (8.6)11 (6.7)

CD4 count cells/mm3
Baseline mean220.8 ± 10.83205.9 ± 22.51223.9 ± 12.250.5283t
Mean after 6 months on ART388.5 ± 13.29339.2 ± 24.86399.5 ± 15.160.0798t
Mean after 1 year on ART592.3 ± 15.27571.1 ± 32.80596.4 ± 17.110.5434t

Plasma viral load after 6 months on ART
051 (25.5)8 (22.9)43 (26.1)0.4527c
1–99973 (36.5)16 (45.7)57 (34.5)
≥100076 (38.0)11 (31.4)65 (39.4)

Plasma viral load after 12 months on ART
040 (20.0)9 (25.7)31 (18.8)0.5388c
1–999142 (71.0)24 (68.6)118 (71.5)
≥100018 (9.0)2 (5.7)16 (9.7)

Values are presented as frequency (percentages), mean ± SED; tStudent’s sample t-test; cchi-square test; .