Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Microbial Contamination and Antimicrobial Resistance in Use of Ophthalmic Solutions at the Department of Ophthalmology, Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia

Table 1

Sociodemographic features and eye drop use versus contamination among patients admitted in the wards at Jimma University the Department of Ophthalmology from June to December 2015.

Sociodemographic characteristicsContaminated Noncontaminated Total value

Age<40 yrs12 (75.0%)4 (25.0%)16 (64.0)1.0
≥40 yrs7 (77.8%)2 (22.2%)9 (36.0%)

SexMale11 (73.3%)4 (26.7%)15 (60.0%)1.00
Female8 (80.0%)2 (20.0%)10 (40.0%)

MarriageMarried11 (68.8%)5 (31.2%)16 (64.0%)0.364
Unmarried8 (88.9%)1 (11.1%)9 (36.0%)

OccupationEmployed12 (75.0%)4 (25.0%)16 (64.0%)1.00
Unemployed4 (44.4%)5 (55.6%)9 (36.0%)

EducationIlliterate13 (92.9%)1 (7.1%)14 (56.0%)0.056
Literate6 (54.5%)5 (45.5%)11 (44.0%)

ResidenceUrban15 (88.2%)2 (11.8%)17 (68.0%)0.059
Rural4 (50.0%)4 (50.0%)8 (32.0%)

Technique of drug administrationSelf-administration4 (80.0%)1 (20.0%)5 (20.0%)1.0
Non-self-administration15 (75.0%)5 (25.0%)20 (80%)

Reason of use of eye dropsPostoperative7 (87.5%)1 (12.5%)8 (32.0%)0.09
Glaucoma1 (50.0%)1 (50.0%)2 (8.0%)
Infection10 (71.4%)4 (28.6%)14 (56.0%)
Lubrication1 (100.0%)01 (4.0%)

Frequency of use of eye drops<4 times/day13 (81.2%)3 (18.8%)16 (64.0%)0.63
≥4 times/day6 (66.7%)3 (33.3%)9 (36.0%)

Fisher’s exact test.

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