Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Microbial Contamination and Antimicrobial Resistance in Use of Ophthalmic Solutions at the Department of Ophthalmology, Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia

Table 2

Features of eye drops used in the Department of Ophthalmology, Jimma University, from June to December 2015.

Eye drop characteristicsContaminated Noncontaminated TotalX2 value

Place of use
Wards18 (75.0%)6 (25.0%)24 (34.3%)0.290.86
OPD25 (73.5%)9 (26.5%)34 (48.6%)
OR8 (66.7%)4 (33.3%)12 (17.1%)

Expiry date
Not expired23 (45.1%)10 (52.6%)33 (47.1%)3.110.21
Expired16 (31.4%)8 (42.1%)24 (34.3%)
Not marked12 (23.5%)1 (5.3%)13 (18.6%)

Duration of use
≤4 weeks26 (63.4%)15 (36.6%)41 (58.6%)4.460.04
>4 weeks25 (86.2%)4 (13.8%)29 (41.4%)

Preparation of drops
Locally made11 (91.7%)1 (8.3%)12 (17.1%)2.590.11
Commercially bought40 (69.0%)18 (31.0%)58 (82.9%)

Use of eye drops
Single patient use22 (75.9%)7 (24.1%)29 (41.4%)0.230.63
Many patient use29 (70.7%)12 (29.3%)41 (58.6%)

Appearance
Clean48 (71.6%)19 (28.4%)67 (95.7%)
Dirty3 (100.0%)03 (5.3%)

OPD = outpatient department; OR = operation room.

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