Deep Learning-Based Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features in Diagnosis of Perianal Abscess and Fistula FormationRead the full article
Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging is an exciting journal in the area of contrast agents and molecular imaging, covering all areas of imaging technologies with a special emphasis on MRI and PET.
Chief Editor, Professor Zimmer, focuses on the development and use of PET radiotracers for new applications of PET/MRI imaging in neuroscience and pharmacology.
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AIoT Used for COVID-19 Pandemic Prevention and Control
The pandemic of COVID-19 is continuing to wreak havoc in 2021, with at least 170 million victims around the world. Healthcare systems are overwhelmed by the large-scale virus infection. Luckily, Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the most effective paradigms in the intelligent world, in which the technology of artificial intelligence (AI), like cloud computing and big data analysis, is playing a vital role in preventing the spread of the pandemic of COVID-19. AI and 5G technologies are advancing by leaps and bounds, further strengthening the intelligence and connectivity of IoT applications, and conventional IoT has been gradually upgraded to be more powerful AI + IoT (AIoT). For example, in terms of remote screening and diagnosis of COVID-19 patients, AI technology based on machine learning and deep learning has recently upgraded medical equipment significantly and has reshaped the workflow with minimal contact with patients, so medical specialists can make clinical decisions more efficiently, providing the best protection not only to patients but also to specialists themselves. This paper reviews the latest progress made in combating COVID-19 with both IoT and AI and also provides comprehensive details on how to combat the pandemic of COVID-19 as well as the technologies that may be applied in the future.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features under Deep Learning Algorithms in Evaluated Cerebral Protection of Craniotomy Evacuation of Hematoma under Propofol Anesthesia
This study aimed to explore the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features based on deep learning super-resolution algorithms in evaluating the value of propofol anesthesia for brain protection of patients undergoing craniotomy evacuation of the hematoma. An optimized super-resolution algorithm was obtained through the multiscale network reconstruction model based on the traditional algorithm. A total of 100 patients undergoing craniotomy evacuation of hematoma were recruited and rolled into sevoflurane control group and propofol experimental group. Both were evaluated using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) images based on deep learning super-resolution algorithms. The results showed that the fractional anisotropic image (FA) value of the hind limb corticospinal tract of the affected side of the internal capsule of the experimental group after the operation was 0.67 ± 0.28. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 6.14 ± 3.29. The oxygen saturation in jugular venous (SjvO2) at T4 and T5 was 61.93 ± 6.58% and 59.38 ± 6.2%, respectively, and cerebral oxygen uptake rate (CO2ER) was 31.12 ± 6.07% and 35.83 ± 7.91%, respectively. The difference in jugular venous oxygen (Da-jvO2) at T3, T4, and T5 was 63.28 ± 10.15 mL/dL, 64.89 ± 13.11 mL/dL, and 66.03 ± 11.78 mL/dL, respectively. The neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and central-nerve-specific protein (S100β) levels at T5 were 53.85 ± 12.31 ng/mL and 7.49 ± 3.16 ng/mL, respectively. In terms of the number of postoperative complications, the patients in the experimental group were better than the control group under sevoflurane anesthesia, and the differences were substantial ( < 0.05). In conclusion, MRI images based on deep learning super-resolution algorithm have great clinical value in evaluating the degree of brain injury in patients anesthetized with propofol and the protective effect of propofol on brain nerves.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Image Segmentation under Edge Detection Intelligent Algorithm in Diagnosis of Surgical Wrist Joint Injuries
Background. Wrist joint injury refers to the injury of the wrist joint caused by excessive stretching of the ligaments and joint capsules around the joint caused by indirect violence. The tissue structure of the wrist joint is complex, and the clinical diagnosis effect is poor. Methods. The purpose of this study was to improve the diagnostic accuracy of wrist joint injuries and provide evidence for imaging analysis and automatic diagnosis of lesions in patients with wrist joint injuries. The Canny algorithm was adopted to extract the edge features of the patient’s magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image, and the particle swarm optimization-support vector machine (PSO-SVM) algorithm was applied to segment the lesion. The image processing effect of the algorithm was evaluated by taking peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR), mean square error (MSE), figure of merit (FOM), and structural similarity (SSIM) as indicators. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and Dice similarity coefficient of the algorithm were analyzed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy in WJI. Results. Compared with the Gradient Vector Flo (GVF) algorithm and the Elastic Automatic Region Growing (ERG) algorithm, the edge stability of the PSO-SVM algorithm was stable above 0.9. After the quality of images processed using different algorithms was analyzed, it was found that the PSNR of the PSO-SVM algorithm was 26.891 ± 5.331 dB, the MSE was 0.0014 ± 0.0003, the FOM was 0.8832 ± 0.0957, and the SSIM was 0.9032 ± 0.0807. The four indicators were all much better than those of the GVF algorithm and the EARG algorithm, showing statistically obvious differences ( < 0.05). Analysis on diagnostic accuracy of different algorithms for WJI suggested that the diagnostic accuracy of the PSO-SVM algorithm was 0.9413, the sensitivity was 0.9129, the specificity was 0.9088, and the Dice similarity coefficient was 0.8715. The four indicators all showed statistically great difference compared with those of the GVF algorithm and the EARG algorithm ( < 0.05). Conclusions. The PSO-SVM algorithm showed excellent edge detection performance and higher accuracy in the diagnosis of WJI, which can assist clinicians in the clinical auxiliary diagnosis of WJI.
Protection of Ivabradine Combined with Trimetazidine on Myocardial Injury after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease Evaluated by Magnetic Resonance Image under Convolutional Neural Network
Objective. To evaluate the myocardial protection of Ivabradine (IBD) combined with Trimetazidine (TMZ) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images under convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm were used. Methods. A CNN artificial intelligence algorithm was proposed to process the image artifacts caused by undersampling magnetic resonance, so as to be used in the diagnosis and efficacy evaluation of myocardial injury. 120 patients with CAD after PCI were rolled into group A (TMZ treatment), group B (IBD treatment), and group C (IBD + TMZ combined treatment) randomly, with 40 patients in each group. All the patients were treated for two consecutive weeks and followed up for six months. Clinical indicators of patients in the two groups were observed, detected, and statistically analyzed. Results. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) of MRI images based on CNN algorithm for the diagnosis of myocardial injury were 91.04%, 97.60%, 87.04%, and 96.43%, respectively. After treatment, the left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), LVE diastolic volume (LVEDV), LVE systolic diameter (LVESD), and LVE systolic volume (LVESV) were greatly reduced in all groups after treatment, whereas the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased considerably (). LVEDD, LVEDV, LVESD, and LVESV in group C were substantially inferior to those in groups A and B, and LVEF was remarkably superior to that in groups A and B (). After treatment, cTnI, hs-CRP, sICAM-1, ET-1, and MDA in three groups were greatly decreased (), while SOD was substantially increased (). After treatment, cTnI, hs-CRP, SICAM-1, ET-1, and MDA in group C were notably inferior to groups A and B (), while SOD was greatly higher (). Conclusion. MRI based on CNN had high application value in the diagnosis and efficacy evaluation of myocardial injury after PCI. For patients with CAD, IBD combined with TMZ after PCI can effectively play the role of anti-inflammatory and antioxidative damage and improve intradermal function.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Feature Analysis and Evaluation of Tubal Patency under Convolutional Neural Network in the Diagnosis of Infertility
To explore the diagnostic value of MRI image features based on convolutional neural network for tubal unobstructed infertility, 30 infertile female patients were first selected as the research objects, who admitted to the hospital from May 2018 to January 2020. They all underwent routine MRI examinations and CNN-based MR-hysteron-salpingography (HSG) examinations, in order to discuss the diagnostic accuracy of the two examinations. In the research, it was necessary to observe the patients’ imaging results, calculate the diagnosis rate of the two examination results, and analyze the application effect of the CNN algorithm, thereby selecting the best reconstruction method. In this study, the analysis was conducted on the basis of no statistical difference in the baseline data of the included patients. The results of undersampling reconstruction at 2-fold, 4-fold, and 6-fold showed that CNN for data consistency layer (CNN_DC) had a better effect, and its peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) was lower sharply than that of the other two reconstruction methods, while the normalized mean square error (NMSE) and structural similarity index measure (SSIM) were higher markedly than the values of the other two reconstruction methods. The diagnostic rate of routine MRI examination of the fallopian tube and other parts of the uterus was lower than or equal to that of MR-HSG examination by CNN. Routine MRI examinations of fallopian tube imaging artifacts were large, and the definition was reduced, which increased the difficulty of identification. However, MR-HSG examination by CNN indicated that the imaging artifacts were low, the clarity was high, and the influence of noise was small, which was conducive to clinical diagnosis and identification. For endometriosis, the accuracy of MR-HSG was 33.33% and the accuracy of MRI was 46.67%. CNN MR-HSG inspection method was significantly better than the conventional MRI inspection method . Therefore, the results of this study revealed that MR-HSG examination by CNN had a clear imaging effect and obvious inhibition effect on background signals and rapid image generation without the need for reconstruction with the same spatial resolution, which improved the imaging quality and could provide a reference value for clinical diagnosis and subsequent related studies.
Intelligent Algorithm-Based Picture Archiving and Communication System of MRI Images and Radiology Information System-Based Medical Informatization
Objective. The study aimed to explore the application value of picture archiving and communication system (PCAS) of MRI images based on radial basis function (RBF) neural network algorithm combined with the radiology information system (RIS). Methods. 551 patients who required MRI examination in a hospital from May 2016 to May 2021 were selected as research subjects. Patients were divided into two groups according to their own wishes. Those who were willing to use the RBF neural network algorithm-based PCAS of MRI images combined with RIS were set as the combined group, involving a total of 278 cases; those who were unwilling were set as the regular group, involving a total of 273 cases. The RBF neural network algorithm-based PCAS of MRI images combined with RIS was trained and tested for classification performance and then used for comparison analysis. Result. The actual output (0.031259–0.038515) of all test samples was almost the same as the target output (0.000000) ( > 0.05). In the first 50,000 learnings, the iteration error of the RBF neural network dropped rapidly and finally stabilized at 0.038. The classification accuracy of the RBF neural network algorithm-based PCAS of MRI images combined with RIS for the head was 94.28%, that of abdomen was 97.22%, and it was 93.10% for knee joint, showing no statistically significant differences ( > 0.05), and the total classification accuracy was as high as 95%. The time spent in the examination in the combined group was about 2 hours, and that in the regular group was about 4 hours ( > 0.05). The satisfaction of the combined group (96.76%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (46.89%) ( > 0.05). Conclusion. The RBF neural network has good classification performance for MRI images. To incorporate intelligent algorithms into the medical information system can optimize the system. RBF has good application prospects in the medical information system, and it is worthy of continuous exploration.