Mathematical Model of Airflow in the Lungs of Children I: Effects of Tumor Sizes and Locations
To contribute to the development of more effective aerosol therapy protocols in pediatric medicine, we examined airflow patterns in the lung of a four-year-old child. In particular, we addressed how the presence of tumors in airways affected the character of airflow patterns. To study the effects of tumors we employed a computational fluid dynamics package, FIDAP, to define flow conditions within a model lung. The results indicated that tumors have a pronounced affect on both (i) localized velocity profiles in airways and (ii) bulk flow distribution within the lung. By identifying the effects of physical factors on flow conditions the findings will lead to improved drug delivery regimens.
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