Perioperative Effect of Single-Port Thoracoscopic Segmentectomy and Three-Port Thoracoscopic Segmentectomy in the Treatment of Early Non-Small-Cell Lung CancerRead the full article
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine publishes research and review articles focused on the application of mathematics to problems arising from the biomedical sciences.
Chief Editor, David Winkler's research focuses on dissecting the quantitative structure-activity method and rebuilding it with modern mathematical and AI methods, and adapting evolutionary methods to design of bioactive molecules and materials for diagnostics, therapeutics, and regeneration.
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Exploring Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury Mechanism of Cinnamon by Network Pharmacology, Molecular Docking, and Experiment Validation
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) is a common complication of acute myocardial infarction that seriously endangers human health. Cinnamon, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to counteract MIRI as it has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. To investigate the mechanisms of action of cinnamon in the treatment of MIRI, a deep learning-based network pharmacology method was established to predict potential active compounds and targets. The results of the network pharmacology showed that oleic acid, palmitic acid, beta-sitosterol, eugenol, taxifolin, and cinnamaldehyde were the main active compounds, and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), interleukin (IL)-7, and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) are promising signaling pathways. Further molecular docking tests revealed that these active compounds and targets exhibited good binding abilities. Finally, experimental validation using a zebrafish model demonstrated that taxifolin, the active compound of cinnamon, has a potential protective effect against MIRI.
A Blumgart Anastomosis-Based Half-Invagination Pancreaticoenterostomy with Better Applicability to Laparoscopy and Lower Incidence of Pancreatic Leakage
Background. The Blumgart anastomosis (BA) is one of the safest anastomoses for pancreatic stump reconstruction. The incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and postoperative complications is low. However, how to make laparoscopic pancreaticoenterostomy easier and safer is still a topic to be discussed. Methods. The data of patients who underwent laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) from April 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Results. Half-invagination anastomosis was performed in 20 cases (HI group), and the Cattell-Warren anastomosis was carried out in 26 cases (CW group). The amount of intraoperative bleeding, operation time, and postoperative catheterization time in the HI group was significantly less than those in the CW group. Besides, the number of patients at the Clavien-Dindo grade III and above in the HI group was significantly less than that in the control group. Moreover, the incidence of POPF in the HI group was significantly lower than that in the CW group. Furthermore, fistula risk score (FRS) analysis showed that there was no high-risk group, and the highest risk in the medium-risk group was pancreatic leakage. In addition, the incidence of pancreatic leakage in the HI group and CW group was 7.7% and 46.67%, respectively, while the incidence of pancreatic leakage in the HI group was significantly lower than that in the CW group. Conclusions. The half-invagination pancreaticoenterostomy based on the Blumgart anastomosis should have good applicability under laparoscopy and could effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative pancreatic leakage.
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Influences of Chronic Kidney Disease on Patients after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Chronic Total Occlusions
Objective. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a clinical collective term for kidney disease with glomerular filtration rate mL/min for more than three months due to various factors and is usually associated with coronary heart disease and is also an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease. This study is aimed at systematically reviewing the influence of CKD on the outcomes of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions (CTOs). Methods. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, China biomedical literature database (SinoMed), China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang database were searched for case-control studies on the influence of CKD on outcomes after PCI for CTOs. After screening the literature, extracting data, and evaluating the quality of literature, RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Results. There were 11 articles with a total of 558,440 patients included. Meta-analysis results indicated that left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) level, diabetes, smoking, hypertension, coronary artery bypass grafting, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), β-blockers, age, and renal insufficiency were the factors affecting outcomes after PCI for CTOs [risk ratio and 95% confidence interval were: 0.88 (0.86, 0.90), 0.96 (0.95, 0.96), 0.76 (0.59, 0.98), 1.39 (0.89, 2.16), 0.73 (0.38, 1.40), 0.24 (0.02, 3.9), 0.78 (0.77, 0.79), 0.81 (0.80, 0.82), and 1.50 (0.47, 4.79)]. Conclusion. LVEF level, diabetes, smoking, hypertension, coronary artery bypass grafting, ACEI/ARB, β-blockers, age, renal insufficiency, etc. are important risk factors for outcomes after PCI for CTOs. Controlling these risk factors is of great significance for the prevention, treatment, and prognosis of CKD.
Individualized Management of Quality of Care in Orthopedic Nurses Based on Sensitive Indicators
Background. Sensitive indicators of nursing quality focus on the core elements of nursing quality management. Nursing-sensitive quality indicators will play an increasingly important role in the macro and micro management of nursing quality in my country. Objective. This study were aimed at formulating the sensitive index management of orthopedic nursing quality based on individual nurses for improvement of the quality of orthopedic nursing. Methods. Based on the previous literature, the existing challenges in the early application of the orthopedic nursing quality evaluation index were summarized. Moreover, the management system of the orthopedic nursing quality-sensitive index based on individual nurses was devised and implemented, including monitoring the structure and result indices of individual nurses on duty and sampling the process indicators of patients managed by individual nurses. At the quarter-end, the data analysis was performed and fed back to determine the key points of the changes in the quality of specialized nursing affecting the individual, and the PDCA method was utilized for persistent improvement. The changes of sensitive indices of orthopedic nursing quality before (July-December 2018) and 6 months after implementation (July-December 2019) were compared. Results. There were significant differences in other indices (accuracy of limb blood circulation assessment/accuracy of pain assessment/postural care pass rate/accuracy of rehabilitation behavioral training/satisfaction of discharged patients) (). Conclusion. The formulation of an individual-based orthopedic nursing quality-sensitive index management system modifies the traditional quality management model, improves the specialized nursing level, contributes to the accurate core competence training of specialized nursing, and improves the quality of specialized nursing of individual nurses. Consequently, there is an overall improvement in the specialized nursing quality of the department, and fine management is attained.
Analysis of Efflux Pump System and Other Drug Resistance Related Gene Mutations in Tigecycline-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
Background. The isolation of tigecycline-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in recent years has brought great difficulties to clinical prevention and treatment. Purpose. To explore the effect of efflux pump system and other resistance related gene mutations on tigecycline resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii. Methods. Fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression levels of major efflux pump genes (adeB, adeJ, and adeG) in extensive drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of tigecycline was detected by the broth microdilution testing and efflux pump inhibition experiment to assess the role of efflux pump in tigecycline resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii. Efflux pump regulatory genes (adeR and adeS) and tigecycline resistance related genes (rpsJ, trm, and plsC) were amplified by PCR and sequenced. By sequence alignment, tigecycline sensitive and tigecycline-insensitive Acinetobacter baumannii were compared with standard strains to analyze the presence of mutations in these genes. Results. The relative expression of adeB in the tigecycline-insensitive Acinetobacter baumannii was significantly higher than that in the tigecycline sensitive Acinetobacter baumannii (114.70 (89.53-157.43) vs 86.12 (27.23-129.34), ). When efflux pump inhibitor carbonyl cyanide 3-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) was added, the percentage of tigecycline-insensitive Acinetobacter baumannii with tigecycline MIC decreased was significantly higher than that of tigecycline-sensitive Acinetobacter baumannii (10/13 (76.9%) vs 26/59 (44.1%)), ); the relative expression of adeB in the MIC decreased group was significantly higher than that in the MIC unchanged group (110.29 (63.62-147.15) vs 50.06 (26.10-122.59), ); The relative expression levels of efflux pumps adeG and adeJ did not increase significantly, and there was no significant difference between these groups. One adeR point mutation (Gly232Ala) and eight adeS point mutations (Ala97Thr, Leu105Phe, Leu172Pro, Arg195Gln, Gln203Leu, Tyr303Phe, Lys315Asn, Gly319Ser) were newly detected. Consistent mutations in trm and plsC genes were detected in both tigecycline-insensitive and tigecycline-sensitive Acinetobacter baumannii, but no mutation in rpsJ gene was detected in them. Conclusion. Tigecycline-insensitive Acinetobacter baumannii efflux pump adeABC overexpression was an important mechanism for tigecycline resistance, and the mutations of efflux pump regulator genes (adeR and adeS) are responsible for adeABC overexpression. The effect of trm, plsC, and rpsJ gene mutations on the development of tigecycline resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii remains controversial.
Circular RNA_HIPK3-Targeting miR-93-5p Regulates KLF9 Expression Level to Control Acute Kidney Injury
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a clinical syndrome caused by various reasons that results in the rapid decline of renal function in a short period of time. Severe AKI can lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Circular RNA HIPK3 (circHIPK3) derived from the HIPK3 gene is involved in multiple inflammatory processes. The present research was performed to explore the function of circHIPK3 on AKI. The AKI model was established by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in C57BL/6 mice or hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in HK-2 cells. The function and mechanism of circHIPK3 on AKI were explored via biochemical index measurement; hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining; 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT); flow cytometry; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); western blot; quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR); detection of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP); and luciferase reporter assays. circHIPK3 was upregulated in kidney tissues of I/R-induced mice and in H/R-treated HK-2 cells, while the microRNA- (miR-) 93-5p level was decreased in H/R-stimulated HK-2 cells. Furthermore, circHIPK3 silencing or miR-93-5p overexpression could reduce the level of proinflammatory factors and oxidative stress and recover the cell viability in H/R-stimulated HK-2 cells. Meanwhile, the luciferase assay showed that Krüppel-like transcription factor 9 (KLF9) was the downstream target of miR-93-5p. Forced expression of KLF9 blocked the function of miR-93-5p on H/R-treated HK-2 cells. Knockdown of circHIPK3 improved the renal function and reduced the apoptosis level in vivo. In conclusion, circHIPK3 knockdown alleviated oxidative stress and apoptosis and inhibited inflammation in AKI via miR-93-5p-mediated downregulation of the KLF9 signal pathway.