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Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Volume 2012, Article ID 876545, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/876545
Research Article

Using the K-Nearest Neighbor Algorithm for the Classification of Lymph Node Metastasis in Gastric Cancer

1School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China
2Department of Radiology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China
3Centre for Signal Processing, Department of Electronic and Information Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong

Received 1 June 2012; Accepted 19 September 2012

Academic Editor: Huafeng Liu

Copyright © 2012 Chao Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Accurate tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) staging, especially N staging in gastric cancer or the metastasis on lymph node diagnosis, is a popular issue in clinical medical image analysis in which gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) can provide more information to doctors than conventional computed tomography (CT) does. In this paper, we apply machine learning methods on the GSI analysis of lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer. First, we use some feature selection or metric learning methods to reduce data dimension and feature space. We then employ the K-nearest neighbor classifier to distinguish lymph node metastasis from nonlymph node metastasis. The experiment involved 38 lymph node samples in gastric cancer, showing an overall accuracy of 96.33%. Compared with that of traditional diagnostic methods, such as helical CT (sensitivity 75.2% and specificity 41.8%) and multidetector computed tomography (82.09%), the diagnostic accuracy of lymph node metastasis is high. GSI-CT can then be the optimal choice for the preoperative diagnosis of patients with gastric cancer in the N staging.