Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine / 2013 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Estimation of Phoneme-Specific HMM Topologies for the Automatic Recognition of Dysarthric Speech

Table 6

HMM assignations obtained by the micro-GA for the phonemes of each dysarthric speaker.

PhonemesFBMHBBLLJFRLRKBKBVSC
TypeStatesTypeStatesTypeStatesTypeStatesTypeStatesTypeStatesTypeStatesTypeStatesTypeStatesTypeStates

1“aa”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-15Bakis-15Bakis-211Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-15
2“ae”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Ergodic7Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-210Bakis-16
3“ah”Bakis-17Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Ergodic8Bakis-25Bakis-15Ergodic7Bakis-15
4“ao”Ergodic8Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-16Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-16
5“aw”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-28Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-25Bakis-15
6“ay”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-210Bakis-16
7“eh”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-17Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-24Bakis-16
8“er”Bakis-17Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-15Ergodic10Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-23Bakis-15
9“ey”Bakis-17Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-17Bakis-17
10“ih”Bakis-17Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-13Ergodic8Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-15
11“iy”Bakis-15Bakis-16Bakis-16Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-27Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-210Bakis-16
12“ow”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-26Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-210Bakis-14
13“oy”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-15Bakis-29Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-211Bakis-15
14“uh”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-211Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-16
15“uw”Bakis-210Bakis-13Bakis-18Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-19Bakis-13Bakis-17Ergodic10Bakis-17
16“b”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-14
17“ch”Bakis-17Bakis-16Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-26Bakis-13Bakis-16Ergodic5Bakis-17
18“d”Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-15Ergodic11Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-29Bakis-13
19“dh”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-14Bakis-15Ergodic10Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-210Bakis-16
20“f”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-15Bakis-14Ergodic8Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-23Bakis-16
21“g”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Ergodic4Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-23Bakis-14
22“hh”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Ergodic10Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-210Bakis-15
23“jh”Bakis-17Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-15Ergodic9Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-26Bakis-16
24“k”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-14Ergodic6Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-15
25“l”Bakis-16Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-17Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-17
26“m”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-25Bakis-13Bakis-15Ergodic7Bakis-17
27“n”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-23Bakis-25Bakis-16Bakis-24Bakis-15
28“ng”Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-15Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-17Ergodic3Bakis-17
29“p”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-15Ergodic3Bakis-13Ergodic11Bakis-110Bakis-15
30“r”Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-25Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-17
31“s”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-28Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-210Bakis-15
32“sh”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-15Bakis-210Bakis-13Bakis-16Ergodic4Bakis-15
33“t”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-29Bakis-16
34“th”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-210Bakis-15
35“v”Bakis-18Bakis-13Bakis-16Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-23Bakis-13Bakis-25Bakis-210Bakis-15
36“w”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-15Bakis-14Bakis-111Bakis-210Bakis-211Bakis-210Bakis-15
37“y”Bakis-15Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-29Bakis-14Ergodic10Bakis-211Bakis-16
38“z”Bakis-111Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-13Bakis-17Bakis-27Bakis-15
39“zh”Bakis-211Bakis-13Bakis-14Bakis-14Bakis-15Ergodic6Bakis-13Bakis-16Ergodic7Bakis-16
40“sil”Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-13Bakis-13

No. Bakis-13740404040133736340
No. Bakis-2200001432300
No. Ergodic10000130270

Average No. States5.333.154.454.334.186.883.306.407.955.48
Standard Deviation2.140.661.040.620.712.551.181.552.771.04

No. Gaussian Mixtures666671266167

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