Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Three-Dimensional Lower Extremity Joint Loading in a Carved Ski and Snowboard Turn: A Pilot Study

Table 2

Average net ankle joint flexion (−)/extension (+) moments (), net adduction (+)/abduction (−) moments (), and net internal (+)/external (−) rotation moments () and standard deviations in the steering leg in skiing and snowboarding for each of the three phases.

/ (SD) (Nm/kg)/ (SD) (Nm/kg)/ (SD) (Nm/kg)
SkiSnowboardSkiSnowboardSkiSnowboard

Phase 12.2 (2.0)2.5 (0.7)0.0 (1.6)0.2 (0.4)−0.9 (1.1)1.9 (0.8)
Phase 22.2 (1.5)3.3 (0.8)−1.7 (1.5)0.1 (0.9)−0.6 (0.7)2.3 (1.0)
Phase 30.1 (0.8)3.6 (1.1)−0.5 (0.9)−1.6 (1.3)−0.0 (0.4)2.1 (0.7)