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Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Volume 2015, Article ID 343217, 8 pages
Research Article

Motion Estimation Using the Firefly Algorithm in Ultrasonic Image Sequence of Soft Tissue

Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Pingtung University, No. 4-18, Minsheng Road, Pingtung 90003, Taiwan

Received 4 October 2014; Accepted 29 January 2015

Academic Editor: Chuangyin Dang

Copyright © 2015 Chih-Feng Chao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Ultrasonic image sequence of the soft tissue is widely used in disease diagnosis; however, the speckle noises usually influenced the image quality. These images usually have a low signal-to-noise ratio presentation. The phenomenon gives rise to traditional motion estimation algorithms that are not suitable to measure the motion vectors. In this paper, a new motion estimation algorithm is developed for assessing the velocity field of soft tissue in a sequence of ultrasonic B-mode images. The proposed iterative firefly algorithm (IFA) searches for few candidate points to obtain the optimal motion vector, and then compares it to the traditional iterative full search algorithm (IFSA) via a series of experiments of in vivo ultrasonic image sequences. The experimental results show that the IFA can assess the vector with better efficiency and almost equal estimation quality compared to the traditional IFSA method.